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Session Overview
Short Presentation9: A glimpse of future - exploring objective measures for evaluating medical teamwork in VR settings - a mixed methods review (Wespi, Rafael; Birrenbach, Tanja; Kämmer, Juliane; Manser, Tanja; Schauber, Stefan; Sauter, Thomas)
Thursday, 01/Sept/2022:
1:00pm - 2:00pm

Location: CHUV auditorium Auguste Tissot

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A glimpse of future - exploring objective measures for evaluating medical teamwork in VR settings - a mixed methods review

Rafael Wespi1, Tanja Birrenbach1, Juliane Kämmer1, Tanja Manser2, Stefan Schauber3, Thomas Sauter1

1Department of Emergency Medicine, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland; 2FHNW School of Applied Psychology, University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland, Switzerland; 3Center of Health Science Education - University of Oslo, Norway


Medical care is a team endeavour and requires interprofessional and interdisciplinary teamwork. Especially in emergency medicine, teams work together in situations that need high-risk and high-stake decisions under time pressure. It is known that the performance of such teams does not only depend on their technical skills but also on their teamwork and leadership skills. Currently, many studies on teamwork rely on expert assessments, which are time-consuming and potentially subjectively biased, for which objective data could be a useful alternative.


The aim of this work is to compile a toolbox of measurement methods that can be used in real time for an objective assessment of teamwork in a virtual reality (VR) environment.


In a first step, an overview of meaningful objectively measurable factors that can be collected in VR trainings such as the participants’ biosignals, cone of vision, eye-tracking, motion patterns, absolute and relative distance between simulation participants was provided. For this, a literature search, including literature on VR also in disciplines that go beyond medical use was conducted. In a second step, these measures were evaluated with respect to their usefulness for evaluating team performance. For this, semi structured interviews with experts from different fields like team research, VR programming, etc. were conducted.


The outcome of this work is a theoretically conceived conceptual measurement toolbox.


Even if the objective measurements presented seem to partly support teamwork evaluations, further research specifically addressing these evaluations is needed.

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