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Making suggestions may often be face-threatening and lead to communication breakdown. EFL learners tend to have difficulty making suggestions in appropriate English unless instructed. This paper investigates Japanese undergraduates’ perception and use of suggestion strategies based on the notion of ‘face’ (Brown and Levinson, 1987) and Language Socialization Theory (Schieffelin and Ochs, 1986). 22 university students in Tokyo participated in a written discourse completion test and a semi-structured interview with a native English speaker. Integrated results show that learners’ anxiety for failure, self-underestimation, and concern about social norms seem to interfere with their pragmatic language production, rather than language competences.