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1Ochanomizu University, Japan; 2Tokyo City University
When teaching language, teachers must provide students with a rich environment to encourage and enable communication. This presentation stresses the necessity of Pragmatics (using language appropriately) and Grammar (utilizing the structure of language effectively). While today many language lessons emphasize grammar at the expense of pragmatics (or vice versa), this presentation argues that they can be integrated highlighting two learning contexts: study abroad programs and the classroom focusing on test preparation. It also raises some issues to be addressed to maximize the learning results in such integration.