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A Longitudinal Study of Motivational Changes in English Learning among Rural High School Students
Kainan University, Taiwan
Motivation has been widely researched and recognized as a crucial factor affecting learners’ second and foreign language learning. This study examined changes in motivation of 92 Taiwanese rural junior high school students learning English through questionnaires over five semesters. Seven motivational factors including intrinsic, extrinsic, task value, control beliefs, self-efficacy, expectancy, anxiety were observed over the years. Results indicate that students start at a higher level of both intrinsic and extrinsic motivation compared to other motivational factors. However, the overall explanatory power of motivational factors gradually decreased over the years. Implications for understanding student levels of motivational changes are discussed.