June 10-13, 2019 | Hamburg, Germany
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P4E: Open access, neoliberalism, compliance and the law
Open or ajar?: 'openness' within the neoliberal academy
1SOAS, University of London, United Kingdom; 2University of West London, United Kingdom
The terms 'open' and 'openness' are widely used across the current higher education environment particularly in the areas of repository services and scholarly communications. Open-access licensing and open-source licensing are two prevalent manifestations of open culture within higher education research environments. As theoretical ideals, open-licensing models aim at openness and academic freedom. But operating as they do within the context of global neoliberalism, to what extent are these models constructed by, sustained by, and co-opted by neoliberalism?
In this paper, we interrogate the use of open-licensing within scholarly communications and within the larger societal context of neoliberalism. Through synthesis of various sources, we will examine how open-access licensing models have been constrained by neoliberal or otherwise corporate agendas, how open access and open scholarship have been reframed within discourses of compliance, how open-source software models and software are co-opted by politico-economic forces (Barron & Preater, 2018), and how the language of 'openness' is widely misused in higher education and repository services circles to drive agendas that run counter to actually increasing openness. We will finish by suggesting ways to resist this trend and use open-licensing models to resist neoliberal agendas in open scholarship.
Assessing Compliance with the UK REF 2021 Open Access Policy
Knowledge Media institute, The Open University, United Kingdom
The recent increase in Open Access (OA) policies has brought forth important questions concerning the effect these policies have on the practice of publishing Open Access. In particular, is there evidence to support that mandating OA increases the proportion of OA outputs (in other words, do authors comply with relevant policies)? Furthermore, does mandating OA reduce the time from acceptance to the public availability of research outputs, and can compliance with OA mandates be effectively tracked? This work studies compliance with the UK REF 2021 Open Access policy. We use data from CrossRef and from CORE to create a dataset containing 1.6 million publications. We show that after the introduction of the UK OA policy, the proportion of OA research outputs in the UK has increased significantly, and the time lag between the acceptance of a publication and its Open Access availability has decreased, although there are significant differences in compliance between different repositories. We have developed a tool that can be used to assess publications' compliance with the policy based on a list of DOIs.
Rights registration conditional to Open Access
Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision, Netherlands, The
A lot of material may be published online but as long as we are not certain on intellectual property right (IPR) or even ethical problems, archives will keep the material hidden. Only on a one by one basis a call for publication or re-use will be investigated. As an archive that holds 36 petabytes of AV-material, The Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision wants to break through this dilemma.
The archive underlines the principles of OAIS (open archival information system). Therefor its activities and priorities are derived from the users needs (the so called designated community). To meet those needs the archive maintains a metadata structure that gives easy access to its material. Recently metadata on IPR was added to this structure, to register the IPR-metadata that is needed to make an informed decision on publishing our AV material.
The way the IPR-metadata was defined is based on Premis, the international metadata standard for preservation metadata. Rights is one of the core entities of this standard. Even though the standard is very generic and abstract, we managed to decompose our specific needs and create a structure that complies with this standard. We would like to illustrate this with some examples.
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