General track 8: Innovations in open science
9:00am - 9:30am
Libraries as open global platform: An MIT vision and invitation
MIT, United States of America
After a year-long engagement, a campus-wide task on the Future of Libraries at MIT proposed a bold new vision for the research library as an open global platform. For the MIT Libraries, pivoting towards this new vision requires progress on a set of specific recommendations; but the full vision will only be realized through strong and productive collaborations with a broad set of partners across the library, archives, and scholarly communications sectors. In this presentation, we will talk about the process of developing and communication this vision at MIT, and invite discussion on ways in which the Open Repositories community might contribute to building the tools, models, infrastructures and connections to drive progress towards this vision for the global academic library community.
9:30am - 10:00am
In the Spirit of Open Science: Design Principles for a Restricted Access Service
1Aalto University School of Science, Finland; 2The National Library of Finland, Finland
There are legitimate reasons why organizations hosting cultural heritage cannot open all of their material to public access. Even viewing the metadata of certain collections may require justification and authentication of the user. In the emergence of joint repositories and digital libraries that bring together materials from several organizations with various access rules, designing these digital services has become more challenging.
While archivists, librarians and data managers are joining forces to disseminate common understanding and policies for open science (OS), developers may already have access management system requirements on their desktop. The question is, how cultural heritage organizations can anticipate future OS guidelines in the ongoing development of their digital services.
We argue that design thinking approach can help solving such complex challenges. As a case example, we present the user interface of the Finnish Digital Library, also called Finna. We map the design considerations of Finna's restricted access service with the positive design framework by Desmet and Pohlmeyer (2013). As an outcome, we introduce three design principles that suggest paths forward to better service experience for users accessing either public or restricted access data. We conclude with a discussion about the role of design thinking in OS policies.
10:00am - 10:30am
arXiv@25: Looking ahead
Cornell University, United States of America
For 25 years, arXiv has played a central role in how scholars in selected scientific disciplines communicate their results. An open access, moderated preprint server begun to server primarily researchers in theoretical high-energy physics, it now includes content from physics more broadly, mathematics, computer science, and more. arXiv is a vital and heavily used service - in 2015, the repository saw 105,000 new submissions and over 139 million downloads from all over the world, and arXiv’s success has likely contributed to the recent surge in interest in starting up open access preprint servers in other disciplines. As part of a 25th anniversary review process, the arXiv community completed a series of activities aimed at looking ahead to ensure a robust future for arXiv. These activities included surveys of the arXiv boards’ members, users, and moderators, an IT infrastructure workshop, and explorations of possible partnerships and technology options to revamp arXiv’s infrastructure. We’ll present selected results from the user and moderator surveys, focusing on those questions that bear most directly on the development of a next-generation arXiv. We’ll also share the broad recommendations that emerged from the IT workshop, and present a preliminary plan for renewing arXiv’s technical infrastructure.