Overview and details of the sessions of this conference. Please select a date or location to show only sessions at that day or location. Please select a single session for detailed view (with abstracts and downloads if available).
|Date: Wednesday, 25/Oct/2017|
|8:30am||Welcome and registration|
|9:30am||Workshop — Addressing the Open Badge Challenges (1)|
Session Chair: Nate Otto
During this series of workshop we will be working in groups to address a selected number among the 10 Open Badge Challenges: 1. Open Recognition Networks; 2. Informal Recognition; 3. Open Endorsement; 4. Open Discovery; 5. Advanced Visualisation; 6. Social Capital Representation; 7. Open Pathways; 8. Semantic value; 9. Open Services; 10. Interoperability. During this first session, we will investigate the state of open recognition, examine the different challenges and use each as a window into building Open Recognition Networks. Each team will nominate one chair person who will be leading the work on the challenge and report on the results.
Concentric Sky, United States of America
As an example of progress toward true Open Recognition Networks, Nate Otto will present on the Open Pathways challenge as a organizing principal: Move beyond simply issuing badges or sharing badges on social networks and into networks of shared learning. How will the forthcoming Open Pathways system change how learning and recognition are understood to incorporate the learning network?
|9:30am||Workshop — Open Badges 101: Create your own badge|
Session Chair: Tania Martinelli
This session is designed for the Open Badge beginners. You will learn:
|Breakout Session Room|
|11:30am||KEY1.1: Launch of the Open Recognition Day: Italy adopts Open Badges!|
Session Chair: Tania Martinelli
Session Chair: Chiara Carlino
During this plenary session broadcasted on the web keynotes speakers will explore Open Recognition and how it could change, not just the learning landscape, but the social and employment landscape altogether.
Round table with the participation of:
Towards Transparency 4.0
ANPAL - National Agency Active Labour Policies, Italy
Digital Badges for the Automotive Industries - The ANFIA Service and IQC project
|2:30pm||Workshop — Addressing the Open Badge Challenges (2)|
Session Chair: Don Presant
Session Chair: Chiara Carlino
During this second session, group will deepen their understanding of the challenges chosen and work towards possible solutions. Participants are free to move from one group to the next. Observers are welcome to lurk on the work being done.
|2:30pm||Workshop - Open Badges 102: Create your badge ecosystem (1)|
During this second session, teams will be built to start working on the design to inform the development of mockups to demonstrate the potential capabilities of Open Badge applications. If you think that we should create a competitor to LinkedIn, don't be shy, use the collective intelligence of the participants and your design could become the next big thing!
|Breakout Session Room|
|5:00pm||ORA: Open Recognition Alliance|
Session Chair: Nate Otto
Session Chair: Don Presant
An open meeting of the Open Recognition Alliance.
Kick off of MIRVA (Making Informal Recognition Visible and Accessible), a 3 years ERASMUS plus project that will greatly contribute to the implementation of the goals of the Bologna Open Recognition Declaration.
Making Informal Recognition Visible and Actionable
Reconnaître - Open Recognition Alliance, France
While the recognition of formal learning rests on the extensive paraphernalia of grades, exams, diplomas and certificates, are those instruments fit for the recognition, validation and accreditation (RVA) of informal learning? Does the recognition of informal learning mean formal recognition of informal learning, or is there a space for developing something akin to the informal recognition of informal learning? What policies, strategies, practices, supporting infrastructures and technologies could make informal recognition possible and valuable? How to best combine the formal and informal recognition of learning to support lifelong learning?
The contribution of Open Badges to rethinking learning recognition
When addressing the issue of recognition of informal learning, what is generally explored is the formal recognition of informal learning: under which conditions official authorities recognise informal learning, so it could be further recognised by other stakeholders like potential employers or clients (for the self-employed). Yet, informal recognition of informal learning exists, for example when a technician is promoted engineer by an employer, but this recognition tends to remain local. Open Badges are changing that by providing the opportunity to make local recognition global.
The contribution of Open Badges to the recognition of learning is the provision of a unified instrument supporting:
Depending on who is at the initiative of the recognition process we can distinguish two main types of badges:
While today Open Badges are mainly used as micro-credentials delivered by authorities (schools, universities), there is a huge untapped potentials in using badges to support learner-controlled recognition processes as an alternative and/or support to formal recognition, validation and accreditation. This could be particularly valuable in countries with poor or inexistent formal systems of recognition.
Open Badges to Open Recognition
As visual symbols, Open Badges are accessible to people within a wide range of literacy levels. Using badges as the milestones of a curriculum or a learning programme is a means to convey their meaning to all prospective learners. As visual symbols are used for all kinds of programmes, from basic literacy to rocket scientist, there would be no stigma attached with Open Badges as something “just for people with low literacy levels.” Moreover, those who have earned a badge would be able to share their achievements with the members of their community, independently of their respective literacy levels.
So we have the following virtuous circle:
Moreover, Open Badges open the “space of recognition” far beyond formal recognition. While competency Badges have the advantage of providing a finer level of granularity to the recognition process, the recognition process itself remains in the conformance quadrant (formal/traditional): badges tell what the person was able to do in the past, information from which one can infer possible future performance. In the other quadrant, empowerment (non-forma/non-traditional), we have self-issued badges and peer-endorsed badges so someone could for example making a statement by claiming the Doctor Badge to then go to the Red Cross and Médecins Sans Frontières to offer their services in their current capacity, get the badge endorsed by their peers and colleagues in these communities then go to the university using that badge in the application form to demonstrate her commitment and personal values.
About the "Plan of Recognition":
The 2 axes defining the Plan of Recognition are:
Those 2 axes define 4 quadrants:
|Breakout Session Room|
|Date: Thursday, 26/Oct/2017|
|8:30am||Welcome and registration|
Session Chair: Don Presant
ePortfolio and Open Badges: Lifelong Learning Practices In Siberian Federal University
Siberian Federal University, Russian Federation
The material was prepared within the framework and sponsorship of the project powered by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFFR)" It is Siberia and the Arctic Ocean that will give the might to the Russian state”: “The Development of education and research center in the Krasnoyarsk Region by means of an electronic platform of longlife learning (PL2S) to support the development of human capital of Krasnoyarsk Region" (№ 16-16-24005/17 ) .
One of the goals of the Program for Enhancing the International Competitiveness of the Siberian Federal University (SibFU) is "Development of the open educational system (Citizen University)" . With this in mind openness and transparency in assessing the educational outcomes of university students is a strategic constituent of the program for the development of e-learning and distance education technologies of a modern university.
Over the decade the Institute of Pedagogy, Psychology and Sociology (IPPS, SibFU) has been positively employing the e-portfolio technology in the system of training bachelor- and master-level student in the field of Pedagogy. Open Badges technology is new and is virtually not used in the Russian universities. SFU became one of the first universities to implement this advanced technology into the educational process of the teaching master-level student. An electronic educational course was developed in the MOODLE system based on awarding Open Badges. This course is intended for the master's program "Management of Educational Innovations" in the discipline "E-Portfolio and Open Recognition of Personal and Professional Achievements Throughout Life
In the context of continuous education policy, the introduction of OPEN BADGES technology at the university is regarded a seamless extension for the use of e-portfolio technology in the educational environment of the Siberian region.
One of the mechanisms for supporting the e-portfolio and Open Badges are the scientific and educational resources of the electronic educational platform for continuing education in Siberia . The electronic platform (PL2S) was developed within the framework of the RFBR project implementation and provides dissemination of experience in the following areas of activity:
In view of the novelty of the OPEN BADGE methodology (recognition of educational results) as one of our mainstreams and our mission, we consider the communication and promotion of the OPEN BADGE methodology in the academic and professional pedagogical community. The technology of Open Badges was presented at 2 plenary sessions and master classes of the International conferences "Development Practices: Educational Initiatives", "Education Throughout Life: Continuing Education for Sustainable Development".
It is the teaching community that is the guide and new ideology people for mainstreamification of Open Badges technology.
We outline the following milestones of the implementation and dissemination of the Open Badges technology of in Russia: the first stage – probematisation, the second stage - the actualisation, the third stage - the personal value-personalizing, the fourth stage – implementation in the practice and adoption.
 The project powered by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFFR)." It is Siberia and the Arctic Ocean that will give the might to the Russian state”: “The Development of education and research center in the Krasnoyarsk Region by means of an electronic platform of longlife learning (PL2S) to support the development of human capital of Krasnoyarsk Region".
 Program to enhance international competitiveness of the Siberian Federal University.
 Global Perspectives on Recognising Non-formal and Informal Learning. Why Recognition Matters. UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning 2015
Tools of Engagement Project (TOEP): Equipping All Learners with 21st-Century Skills
State University of New York at Buffalo
The State University of New York Tools of Engagement Project (TOEP) < http://suny.edu/toep > is a flipped professional development model that encourages faculty to explore and reflect on innovative and creative uses of emerging technologies through hands-on discovery activities. TOEP promotes lifelong learning in a digital world and provides a focused venue to experiment with the constantly evolving landscape of social-media and the latest web-based technology tools.
TOEP is not traditional professional development but instead provides online access to resources for instructors to explore at their own pace through a set of hands-on, discovery activities. After participants explore a section and complete one of the activities they are prompted to reflect on their learning by posting about their experiences within a connected private social-network community. This avenue for peer support and inter-campus collaboration has resulted in a robust dialog about how the application of new tools can be used to help facilitate communication, collaboration, critical thinking, and creativity. This learning environment empowers faculty to master new technologies and helps them transfer knowledge to their students about how to effectively work with new communication and collaboration technologies.
Digital badges and other professional development award incentives are used to provide motivation for participants and complete the project requirements. Awards are issued through a peer-review process to community members who share the most innovative use of TOEP tools and who provide optimal levels of peer support within the online social network community. Results from recent analysis of the online community postings has shown that many participants report vicarious learning through the experiences of others in the community.
This cross-campus collaborative project has just completed its fifth year as faculty professional development. New grant funding has just been awarded to transform this successful system into a MOOC based on the TOEP model which will be targeted to all learners. The future of this innovative professional development model will target the needs of faculty, students, and professionals alike to provide 21st-century skills which are necessary for today’s society. This session will provide an overview of the project’s history and a look into how future iterations of this project will take shape.
Digital Badges for Workforce Development
Madison Area Technical College, United States of America
Digital Badges for Workforce Development
Madison College has one of the oldest badging program in the United States. Launched in 2012, the college’s School of Professional and Continuing Education has awarded over 3000 badges to both credit and noncredit students. This presentation will have examples of badges developed and awarded to young students preparing for a career in healthcare, incumbent working adults who seek out noncredit training opportunities for the purpose of upskilling, and customized training provided to employers and their workforce.
Practical tips on how to launch a successful badging program will be shared as well as issues that occurred that were not anticipated. In addition to the sharing of best practices, new research will be shared on the use of badges.
Student Transformative Learning Record
Credentialing for Transformative Success: The Student Transformative Learning Record (STLR)
The University of Central Oklahoma (UCO) is a four-year public metropolitan university located in Edmond, Oklahoma. In 2006, UCO adopted transformative learning into its mission statement and began to envision new possibilities for student learning, but did not yet have a way to award badge level achievements to students. Based on the work of Jack Mezirow (1978; 2000) and others such as Stephen Brookfield (2005), UCO defined transformative learning as a holistic process that places students at the center of their own active and reflective learning experiences. By emphasizing the development of beyond-disciplinary skills and expanding students’ perspectives of self, community, and environment, the institution began planning ways to integrate transformative learning experiences into courses and co-curricular activities across the campus. Initial efforts to implement the initiative on campus were supported by all levels of university administration (including the President and Provost) and a collaborative project team including members from academic affairs, student affairs, and information technology, was formed.
Soon a campus-wide plan, known as the Student Transformative Learning Record (STLR), was launched with the help of a $7.8 million-dollar Title III grant from the United States Department of Education in an effort to support, assess, and track student progress across six core tenet areas based upon the American Association of College and Universities’ High-Impact Practices: 1) Discipline Knowledge, 2) Global & Cultural Competencies, 3) Health & Wellness, 4) Leadership, 5) Research, Creative, and Scholarly Activities, and 6) Service Learning & Civic Engagement. Rubrics were developed for each of these core tenet areas by modifying existing AAC&U-VALUE Rubrics. These rubrics were highly vetted and adapted among our faculty – who were actively involved in the collaborative process of their development.
Currently, the institution has (through a grass-roots movement):
1) Implemented STLR in over 225 courses across diverse disciplines.
2) Funded 380 unique student/faculty-proposed paid projects and internships situated around at least one core tenet-area rooted in High-Impact Practices (including the Black Male Initiative, the Hispanic Success Initiative, a Native American Success Initiative, an Oklahoma History Project where students uncovered history on the Tulsa Race Riots, a mobile clinic for nursing students to treat the homeless, a project where students are researching squash proteins to help treat cancer, and a Living-Learning Garden where students grow food on campus for the Central Pantry – to name a few.)
3) UCO has also supported 25 co-curricular student groups and has hosted some 165 campus events aimed at increasing student engagement outside of the classroom.
4) Trained over 40% of our faculty and staff who have voluntarily integrated our program into their courses and activities across the campus.
So, what? Although we are still in the process of gathering data, our results suggest that the Student Transformative Learning Record has been highly successful. For instance, retention rates for our priority (low-income, first generation, and non-majority students) cohort of first-time freshmen students from Fall 2015 to Fall 2016 has increased significantly from 54% (Non-STLR involved students) to as much as 73% (STLR involved students). For students who are part of our non-priority population, retention rates have increased from 49% (Non-STLR involved students) to 75% (STLR involved students).
By attending this session, participants will have the opportunity to learn more about the structure of our unique program, the ways we have operationalized transformative learning theory for student success, and how we track and assess student learning through our three unique achievement badge levels: exposure, integration, and transformation. In addition, participants will also have the opportunity to hear about how our students are using ePortfolios to showcase their skills to prospective employers and how we plan to turn our highest badge level, Transformation, into a portable micro-credential that can be used outside of just the university setting.
Brookfield, S. (2005). The power of critical theory: Liberating adult learning and teaching. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Mezirow, J. (1978). Perspective Transformation. Adult Education Quarterly, 28(2), 100-110.
Mezirow, J. & Associates. (2000). Learning as transformation: Critical perspectives on a theory in progress. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Session Chair: Serge Ravet
|Breakout Session Room|
GROWBIT - the zero blockchain interface
The aim of the project is to give all students the unique opportunity to enhance and make transparent and accessible to the global society their lifelong and lifewide learning achievements.
In order to achieve this goal the project needs to primarily educate students on to the use of blockchain which has been identified as qualifying technology to certify student acquisition of specific learning skills and also to simplify and strengthen the trust of academic and business entities towards students.
The project leverages cutting-edge technologies like blockchain to propose an innovative approach for credential "self-check" while also enriching and enhancing the existing ecosystem of digital certifications. Indeed, existing entities in rapid growth like BADG, .BESTR, IQC and Mozilla Open Badge are already supporting primary academic institutions in providing digital certifications to their students.
The aim of the project is to transform a student private digital certification, for example a certification received by an academic institution, into a “self-checkable” information which can be publicly accessed by third parties thanks to the unchangeable evidence written on the public blockchain.
One of the key features is that evidence written into the blockchain does not violate student’s privacy, while at the same time leaving to anyone the ability to access metadata associated to certifications, in opposition of what nowadays we should need to expose if it was a public and centralized service. In our platform students can choose which information are public (and of course which are not), so they can be reached by academic institutions or companies while keeping a custom level of privacy.
The project works as an intermediary between students and badge issuers by creating an immediate access to blockchains for them, proposing an open architecture to guarantee the data continuity of Lifelong & LifeWide learning achievements.
Trustability and immutability of informations made availables by the platform (through the blockchain technology) does not favour academic world exclusively: without the need of a central authority, students can use public metadata to identify similar profile, facilitating the generation of new models of social connections and entrepreneurship.
The project is a unique opportunity not only for students to certify their learning path and core skills but also for the whole society to support both meritocracy and collective growth. The result is a social enrichment of the citizenship facilitated by creating awareness of its value for the citizen and from qualified support to institutions and businesses.
There is a monetary cost related to writing on blockchain: we doesn’t allow the students nor the issuers to pay these costs. We are going to create capital through crowdfunding, investors, sponsors and philanthropists, which guarantee this proposition.
Enabling students by now to use blockchains and allowing them to use it for self-notarising the owned OpenBadges, we are laying the foundations for a paradigm shift in metadata management not only on a technological level but above all on the social layer and entrepreneurial environment by providing future avant-garde skills to the next generation citizens.
Considering that the next few years will be decisive in developing solutions that allow you to write metadata on blockchains, the strategic importance of a project like this lies in creating an independent and non-profit service for the notarialization of Lifelong & LifeWide learning achievements on blockchain.
ePIC is a platform that a project like this needs to validate the assumptions taken, enrich the own vision with feedbacks and share the development path thus defining a new long term vision for develop solutions in the “Alternative Credentials - Credentialing Alternatives” enviroment.
Using an ePortfolio tool to underpin an institutional employability award at Durham University
Durham University, United Kingdom
In January this year, Durham University launched a new 3 tier employability award to over 9000 students. From October, this will be introduced to an additional 3,500 incoming students. The Durham Award has three stages that encompass the whole student lifecycle from the transition into an academic department, the journey through university life and the transition into work or further study. This work was instigated to address one main issue – students not recognising the skills they are developing during their time at university or the value of their experience and activities.
The Durham Award is delivered using Pebblepad – an ePortfolio tool. PebblePad was purchased to facilitate the efficient deployment and management of the award at scale. The software provides students with a private reflective space for recording, tracking and maintaining their personal development activities and three structured workbooks to complete the Durham Award. The first element of the Award asks students to reflect on their discipline specific skills within their department. The second stage requires students to keep track and evidence their extracurricular activities, work experience and volunteering experience. The final part of the Award requires students to develop a showcase portfolio.
Using an online eportfolio tool has also helped us to engage with multiple stakeholders through the university. We are working with 26 departments and 16 colleges to help deliver the Durham Award to all undergraduate students at Durham. Relevant staff across the University including Academic Advisors, College tutors and mentors, and Careers Centre staff are able to provide feedback on completed sections of the workbook.
We will be discussing the journey that we have been on to get to this stage, and what still lies ahead. We have discovered what PebblePad can and cannot do and identified how we can make the product work for us and what we want to achieve. We have learnt some valuable lessons relating to how we can efficiently manage an extremely large number of users across a large number workspace and groups within the software.
We will also share what we have encountered in terms of supporting users of Pebblepad, both staff and students, and what we can learn from how they have engaged with the product. We are working with a huge diverse range of staff across the University to help run and validate the different components of the award and are relying on their input. We will discuss how we are managing this process and how we are ensuring consistency whilst providing a certain amount of flexibility to satisfy the diverse needs of the different stakeholders.
Finally, we will be looking to the future and how this project might look in a years’ time and what opportunities and challenges we still face. Metrics, impact and learning gain are all increasing in prominence across the Higher Education sector in the UK and departments are looking at ways of understanding how their students are progressing through their time at university. We are just beginning on a journey of using an ePortfolio tool at Durham to underpin students’ extracurricular activities, volunteering, and work experience, but we are looking forward to see what other opportunities might present themselves.
Soft Skills in the Management world -The role of Digital Badges
SAA School of Management - University of Turin
What we are witnessing are a series of phenomena that are deeply changing the labour market and the educational and training systems.
A gradual weakening of the ability of Educational system and the potential crisis of credentials. An increasing importance of the informal dimension of learning, in particular linked to:
The centrality of the theme of competencies, as concrete "knowing how-to-do something" or "knowing how to show a certain behavior". As a consequence, the growing importance of evidence of such capabilities, explicit, observable, evaluable and therefore improvable, within paths not necessarily formal and institutional.
The decisive role of relational systems and thus of social capital into the recruitment processes, in terms of:
At the same time on the labour market, the traditional separation between primary market, made up of stable jobs, job positions, professional profiles - and secondary, precarious and occasional market, is losing significance and impermeability.
Likewise, immense social challenges, such as the issue of migration and mobility of millions of people, point out dramatic effect on educational and training systems. The need is to identify their level of knowledge and the types of skills that can be useful to the success of the integration process, both social and professional, formal and indeed informal. Migrants also need to become aware of their potential in relation to the new labour market they have to approach.
Digital Open Badges are the current trending proposal as “common currency” to define skills, competencies and achievements. They are usually issued against an evidence. Emerging technology like blockchain allows to create a decentralized digital “Competence Ledger”, where transactions are referred to by the recordings of skills acquired.
All these facts have led us to decide on how to initiate concrete experiments with Open Badges and Blockchain applied to the recognition of skills, especially informal ones.
The strategic goal is to try to create processes, methodologies and IT tools able to combine rigorous process of skills assessment, informal recognition, social network based reputation systems, to go beyond the value of formal recognition of educational and educational systems. The aim is to contribute to create a “Decentralized Competence Assessment Ecosystem” distributed, sharing same rules about the assessment and accreditation process, as well as the tools and the methodologies applied. Minimum criteria - without wich the badges would have no value in the job market - must be defined.
To do this we started a pilot project in which we have developed process, methodology and evaluation tools that we have applied experimentally to some of the soft skills that are objective of specifics activities inside of our undergraduate course in management, dedicated to learn these competencies and realized by a team of coachers. We have tested a method of assessment based on evidences on the basis of which results a badge of different level is issued, according to the degree of evidence of the behaviors that demonstrate the acquisition of these skills. Next steps will be to extend the experiment to other competencies, both soft and hard, but of meta-level. At the same time, we conducted a social network analysis on all of our students to understand how the informal peer mechanisms recognizes the degree of leadership. The aim is to try to understand how formal and reputational assessment could work together and ow to balance them. We want to avoid the risk of simply reproduce the current formal approach in a different way, but at the same time to avoid to lose rigor and trustworthiness, without which the Badges may be marginalized and overwhelmed by the consolidated mainstream.
In the next months, we are launching similar experiments applied to the field of recognition of past competencies of asylum seekers, where we are going to explore how to apply blockchain technology in order to create a portable “Competence ledger”; to the skills acquired in volunteering activities of young people seeking job, issuing a Badge.
With IQC and other stakeholders, we are defining a generalizable method in order to produce guidelines for the Badges that we'll create so to share a commune ground of information for our communities of practice.
|11:00am||KEY2.1: Keynote Session|
Session Chair: Chiara Carlino
Open Badges for Global Workforce Development at IBM
IBM, Corporate Talent
How IBM embraces digital credentials to address the dynamic talent market and enable the shifts in expertise of their workforce;
IBM has made digital credentials essential to their employees’ growth & success. They use badges to provide IBM’ers with a flexible, contemporary skill roadmap and signal the key growth skills. The integration between certification and badges provides an holistic approach towards career development across all major professions. Additionally, IBM has developed a suite of resources to make it easy for badge issuers, earners and consumers to gain significant value from the program.
Opening up Education - A Support Framework for Higher Education Institutions
DG Joint Research Centre (JRC)
Presentation of a report which is the final outcome of the OpenEdu Project, which aimed to support the Communication ‘Opening up Education: Innovative Teaching and Learning for All through New Technologies and Open Educational Resources’ (DG EAC, 2013). It presents open education as an umbrella term under which different understandings of open education can be accommodated, such as open educational resources and MOOCs. The report also presents the main outcome of the OpenEdu project, the OpenEdu Framework for higher education institutions.
This Framework identifies 10 dimensions of open education, giving a rationale and descriptors for each. The goal is to promote transparency for collaboration and exchange of practices among higher education institutions. Without a framework, stakeholders could overlook important questions and could put effort into matters that need little further investment. It is a tool to be used mainly by higher education institutions, but it is also very relevant for EU policy makers and other types of educational institutions.
The Time for Self-Sovereign Identity is Now: Case Studies in Open Standards for Decentralized Identity and Verifiable Claims
Learning Machine, United States of America
In 2016, Learning Machine collaborated with the MIT Media Lab to develop Blockcerts, an open standard for issuing and verifying credentials on the blockchain. The aim behind Blockcerts is to give recipients ownership of their official records so that they are freed from ongoing dependency on issuing institutions--or any centralized authority--to verify their own credentials and achievements. This not only affords recipients a maximally portable, private portfolio of their own records, but simultaneously helps issuing institutions prevent fraud and misrepresentation of official documents that they issue while allowing independent parties to instantly verify the authenticity and validity of records and credentials presented to them.
The Blockcerts standard was made open-source in 2016 so that any institution, vendor, or researcher can use it to build their own applications for issuing and verifying claims on the blockchain. The intent behind open-sourcing Blockcerts was twofold: 1) avoiding a standards war and 2) ensuring maximum portability of records by recipients and issuers (helping to avoid vendor or issuer lock-in). Since 2016, dozens of organizations and individuals around the world have begun building on the Blockcerts standard; Learning Machine has also developed enterprise software that is fully Blockcerts-compliant. During the summer of 2017, the first organizations issued blockchain credentials using the Learning Machine solution.
Blockcerts was designed to be identity-agnostic; that is, to take a claims-based approach to identity, which allows organizations and recipients to employ their preferred methods for identity management. However, the possibilities afforded by blockchain infrastructure for the development of identities that are truly self-sovereign cannot be ignored. Especially worrying in the current historical moment is the unstoppable intensification in data collection and transferability made possible by nation-states, industry leaders, and software providers. Regulating this momentum from a policy standpoint will have at best limited effects so long as the incentives for powerful actors are aligned toward maximum one-way transparency into the lives of citizens, employees, customers, and learners.
Any long-term solution to protect individual privacy and social agency must be technological and infrastructural, and that is precisely the opportunity now provided by the blockchain. Accordingly, Learning Machine has been actively contributing to technology standards organizations that are at the forefront of the movement toward self-sovereign identity—the Open Badges Initiative, the Web-of-Trust, and the W3C’s Credentials Community Group—to help define next-generation open standards for user-owned identity and claims.
This paper first outlines what has already been achieved in the path toward user-owned identity and claims and then looks toward the path ahead. We begin by describing the development of Blockcerts and its synchronization with the OBI standard; we then present case studies of some of the first Blockcerts-compliant blockchain credential issuance events. Next, we chart the initiatives that are still underway: the progress toward a truly decentralized identity management structure and the obstacles it faces, primarily from actors intent on capitalizing on the centralized control of identity. We discuss how the security imperatives of governments and other institutions can be fulfilled without compromising individual control of their own data. We discuss the amenability of Blockcerts toward self-sovereign identity solutions.
Finally, we conclude by stressing the urgency of digital self-sovereignty. Inasmuch as the blockchain affords, for the first time in history, the possibility of true individual ownership of their own data, it is a double-edged sword: it also opens the door for powerful actors to monitor and control the actions of human beings with unprecedented precision, at an unprecedented scale. If we want to avoid a future in which individuals are enslaved by smart contracts and decentralized autonomous organizations, we must build alternative possibilities now. Conservatism and inaction, including relying on legacy policy-based approaches to regulate technological development, are not options; the momentum is already in place, and innovation will respond to the incentives that are already at work.
The time for self-sovereign identity is now. This paper is a call for good-faith actors across the world to join in this initiative.
|1:45pm||KEY2.2: Panel: Humanitarian Passport Initiative|
Session Chair: Don Presant
A diverse panel of humanitarians will provide an update of current developments and exciting next steps for the Humanitarian Passport, an emerging Open Recognition service for the sector.
|3:30pm||Workshop - Semantic value and Discovery - OB Challenges (3)|
Session Chair: Bert Jehoul
4. Open Discovery
Key challenge: How to discover people, competencies, resources, service providers, etc. based on the data generated through Open Recognition while preserving the anonymity?
Statement: Search of talents is mainly confined within silos where participants are not in control of their data. Open Discovery means that it is possible to expose one’s data publicly and anonymously, independently from service providers, so that a variety of services, including services unknown to the data owner, can search the data to provide services.
8. Semantic value
Key challenge: How can we write criteria that contain semantic information, so they can be processed by computers to provide meaningful information to humans?
Statement: Today, the criteria field in Open Badges is simple text and is created by the issuer. The semantic value is nil.
Linking Open Badges with ESCO: an Auto Badge Designer built during #oSoc17
1Selor , Open Knowledge Belgium; 2Jobpunt; 3CogniZone; 4oSoc17; 5Bosa Digital Transformation
For the Summer of Code event (http://2017.summerofcode.be/) we have developed an interface to link Open Badges to ESCO (https://ec.europa.eu/esco/portal/news/4c7a4fea-5dc7-46f0-9bda-0cfdcf345c74).
Giving non IT people a user-friendly tool to create and issue visually attractive, ready to use badges while exploring the possible ways to link them with the ESCO taxonomy and, in doing that, testing the potential of ESCO; that is the scope of the Be Badges project.
They tackled several aspects in developing the Be Badges such as the issuing of the badges (via blockchain or other means), the representation of the skills and how they are related to occupations, the preservation of the badges or the aspect of trustworthiness and recognition of the badges.
During their work, they wereable to rely on the experience of Cognizone and its partners (see below) in the different IT domains that digital badges involve.
This year, Cognizone was partnering with:
To assist and sponsor a team of 5 students on the very exciting Be Badges project and bring them our expertise and knowledge on linked open data, data management and on the soon to be published ESCO classification.
For more information on the Open Summer of Code 2017 please follow this link and Be Badges on Twitter.
|4:30pm||PR22: Projects presentation|
Badging formal degrees: we need critical mass
Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, Italy
According to the First EUA Learning&Teaching Forum (Paris 28-29 September 2017), European Universities growingly acknowledge the usefulness of badging strategies for motivating students to engage in extracurricular activities and to acquire generic skills and competences. Beyond that, at the University of Milano Bicocca we are also badging formal graduation degrees. Graduation Badges (GB) are official certifications, easily portable and sharable, and less cumbersome than official diploma supplements/tracks of records. They synthetically report what a student learned in a degree, how he/she performed, and the jobs/professions relevant for that degree. GBs are aimed at improving the circulation/shared knowledge of the actual contents and learning achievements implied by acquiring a degree, for the sake of global employers. In time, endorsements (or lack of endorsements) by different employers will testify the high (or low) value of a specific degree issued by a specific university for employment in the global market. However, GBs will attain their goals only when many different universities will issue them, and as a consequence employers, graduated students, and job-oriented social forums will ask for them in electronic CVs as a substitute for the degree owner’s self-declaration (typical of traditional CVs).
Life-long, life-wide and life-deep professional learning: what do open badging and eportfolios have to offer?
Massey University New Zealand, New Zealand
The landscape of ongoing professional learning is changing. ‘Becoming’ and ‘belonging’ are important aspects of developing a professional identity, and involve life-long, life-wide and life-deep learning. Ongoing life-long learning beyond formal study, life-wide learning across different contexts and disciples, and life-deep learning of embedding values and identity within practice are relevant shifts in thinking about professional development. The challenge lies in credentialing this authentic learning that occurs over time, across boundaries and is shaped by personal values and identity development. The ‘work in progress’ presented in this abstract questions whether open badging and eportfolios can offer some solutions to this challenge.
The case study presented here involves an initiative, funded by the Ministry of Education in New Zealand, of creating networked professional learning opportunities for learning support teachers - SENCOs (Special Educational Needs Coordinators). The role of the SENCO is to facilitate equitable and inclusive education systems in schools. This role is not formalised in New Zealand and typically these teachers are based in individual schools, and are relatively unsupported with no professional learning pathway. In 2016, the authors were involved in providing a blended (online and face-to-face) non-formal learning ‘course’, in which 75 SENCOs across New Zealand participated. Findings from this project revealed that despite being time-poor and under-resourced, SENCOs actively sought and valued opportunities for team-work and collaboration. In addition, the participants indicated high levels of flexibility, autonomy, and job satisfaction. Given these findings, a case was made to continue to support the autonomy and flexibility within the SENCO role, and then provide improved structures for ongoing professional learning, collaboration and sharing of practice. Our approach aimed to address SENCOs’ needs for professional learning and collaboration, extend their opportunities to build capability and leadership within schools, but also avoid standardising and prescribing their role.
We thus developed a new ‘network of expertise’ model to provide opportunities for flexible life-long learning. This is designed to overcome the isolation in individual schools, promote authentic and contextualised life-wide learning with and from each other, and personalise life-deep learning that promotes professional identity development. Valuing this alternative learning through alternative forms of credentialing will enhance the status and professionalism of the role.
The SENCO network will provide a range of modalities for SENCOs to connect, communicate and collaborate with each other across four blended (online and face to face) hubs. Hub 1 is an open and free network where SENCOs can share resources, debate and co-construct knowledge around evidence-based practices. Hub 2 involves paying a subscription to a more extended members’ network that includes opportunities to attend regional and national face-to-face workshops, virtual webinars, collaborative research and inquiry into practice, participation in journal clubs, access to resources and updates on events etc. Hub 3 is a professional learning network where authentic learning within practice can be used as evidence to meet competencies of SENCO practice. These artefacts and evidence of learning can be added to an ePortfolio and these can be digitally badged and used as an alternative form of credentialing learning in practice. This learning is thus individualised, contextualised and authentic, and contributes to the SENCOs ongoing life-long, life-wide and life-deep identity development. Hub 4 is a formal learning network where these alternatively credentialled credits can potentially be bundled together and cross-credited as modules towards a university qualification in Learning Support (LS). This level proves still be be a challenge within existing university structures.
Digital badging and ePortfolios offer a fluid and flexible way for professionals to learn in different contexts and be recognised for the knowledge and skills acquired in these alternative environments. They challenge traditional approaches of teaching and learning and offer innovative alternatives to credit skills and knowledge outside the formal curriculum. These emerging tools also offer the possibility of displaying (ePortfolios) and verifying (digital badging) an achievement, ability or skill. They then become a means of transition from the informal (hubs 1 & 2) to the more formal learning (hubs 3 & 4) context.
Badging and ePortfolios can transform conceptions of learning and provide ways of recognising more diverse learning pathways and opportunities for learners, that can then transition into formal qualifications. Our ‘network of expertise’ approach demonstrates the affordances of open badging and eportfolios as alternative credentials for informal and formal types of learning for SENCOs. We look forward to sharing our ideas, connecting with other similar approaches and addressing the challenges we and others face in creditionalling alternatives.
Designing Badges for student and faculty development
Università degli Studi di Padova, Italy
What do you learn at university? You learn what is set out in the course programme, of course. You learn to study. You often learn a language. Sometimes you learn something that, at first sight, may seem unrelated, but that makes us better members of society, like Basic Life Support. The lecturers learn to better themselves and innovate, day by day, year by year. They put cross-cutting competencies into practice, which will be useful at work and in life.
The University of Padua, with more than 60,000 students and almost 800 years of history behind it, has decided to turn the spotlight on to all these opportunities for learning, which make the university a place for all-round growth. The objects chosen to turn on this light are the Open Badges.
Linguistic eligibility: Open Badges and recognition of study credits
The first experiment involving the students concerns the activities of the University Language Centre: for the TAL (Test of Linguistic Ability) in English Level B1 and B2, which is held in the Language Centre, in computerised form (listening and writing), or in person with a mother tongue teacher (for oral expression), students who pass the test in the University Language Centre receive an Open Badge issued by Bestr, as evidence of the exam passed.
Integration with ESSE3 also enables the student office to recognise the credits automatically, where applicable, and thus save on bureaucratic procedures for the students and the operators.
The awarding of the Open Badges for the language tests has proved reasonably successful, with a percentage of students collecting their Badge equivalent to the average registered in general on the Bestr platform, a fact which is especially relevant, seeing that the students are not obliged to take this step in order to have their credits recognised. Therefore, the students perceive the value of the Badge and the competency it represents, irrespective of the administrative usefulness within the study course.
Teaching4Learning: training of teachers
From the students to the teachers, in-service training is a lifelong process and doubly important when it is a question of educating for educating, sharing good practices of teaching, experimenting with didactic strategies and making lessons more and more engaging and actively attended.
The University working to improve itself is enhanced with these Badges, issued to those teachers who want to take part in the virtuous circle.
Basic Life Support: sensitisation and active civic duty
The University is the place for a person to grow and a citizen to be trained: with a show of great sensitivity, the Paduan University collaborates with the association "Padova fa battere il cuore" (Padua makes the heart beat) in providing its students with a Basic Life Support course, which makes them aware of how each of us, if we are prepared and suitably trained, can really make the difference.
This is a Badge expressing a highly concrete competency, but also the willingness to put oneself to the test, to be active towards the world and the person standing next to us.
Starting on a pathway
The University of Padua has reached the Open Badges “starting from the need to find useful tools to certify the soft skills of the students through cross-cutting activities”: those mentioned are the first Badges, which already map out three clearly distinct paths.
These paths may be extended, developed, expanded step by step, as the experimentation goes on, identifying the activities within the University that may benefit from an innovative certification and stimulating their creation, starting from the opportunity for formal recognition and moving on to involve businesses, as well, which can make their own endorsement of the University Badges that they consider to be representative of useful values in an employment context.
For Bestr and Cineca, this has been an opportunity to develop and refine the way in which the Badges can be integrated into university systems and add value to the Universities and the people who are their heart
Visualising Teamwork Credentials in the Medical Sciences using ePortfolios and Badges as Symbols of Achievement and Skills Recognition
1School of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, UNSW Sydney, Australia; 2Prince of Wales Clinical School, Faculty of Medicine, UNSW Sydney, Australia; 3Science Administration Unit, Faculty of Science, UNSW Sydney, Australia; 4School of Education, University of Notre Dame Australia, Australia
How are graduate capabilities such as teamwork visualised and recognised within an undergraduate medical science degree program? This is a question that our team of medical research scientists who are discipline specific higher education teachers at UNSW Sydney collaboratively asked when we embarked on a project to capture and make sense of how our students develop this highly sought after professional skill. Development of informal, co-curricular professional skills and capabilities by undergraduates that are linked to formal academic learning is difficult to capture at the program level within higher education institutions. Feedback from employers, educators and students suggests that the teamwork graduate capability is a key competency, but it is hard for students to prove mastery and equally hard for us as teachers to warrant how that mastery is attained a part of an undergraduate learning experience. In the Bachelor of Medical Science (BMedSci) program at UNSW Sydney, a program-wide Comprehensive Teamwork Learning and Assessment (CTLA) model was initiated by aligning assessment tasks longitudinally across the program and transversely across discipline, with particular focus on building teamwork capabilities. This was addressed by combining formal curricular assessment of these tasks by academics and student peers, coupled with co-curricular assessment using self and peer evaluation of teamwork skills awareness and development by students, ePortfolio implementation for reflective practice and a teamwork student satisfaction survey. These CTLA model elements support student reflective practice and awareness of teamwork skills attainment as well as supporting their emerging identity as scientists-in-the-making. In particular, our CTLA model involved tracking, mapping and aligning assessment tasks that built relevant, authentic skills for teamwork and incorporated standards-based criteria that directly addressed teamwork skills development using an adapted Association of American Colleges & Universities (AAC&U) VALUE rubric for teamwork; the UNSW Teamwork Skills Development Framework. This process integrated content knowledge and technical skills that articulated with professional skills development across all the medical sciences disciplines. We implemented this system using Workshop UNSW in Moodle for teachers to monitor and students to evaluate teamwork skills progression for themselves and their peers. ePortfolio/reflective blogging using WordPress to document and reflect on their personal-professional development of teamwork skills was implemented as a key part of this approach for raising awareness of attaining the teamwork skill. Student satisfaction was surveyed at the completion of the teamwork assessment tasks across the program. Study outcomes demonstrated the innovative CTLA model and assessment approaches improved teamwork skills awareness and attainment in the medical science program at UNSW. A cross-disciplinary skills awareness and development capture strategy developed as part of a UNSW Innovation Research Project will be presented. The integration of ePortfolio/reflective blogging coupled to the Teamwork Skills Development Framework, for use in the medical science program to evaluate teamwork skills as well as application of the Reflective Rubric UNSW will be discussed. There is scope to implement this mechanism for extracting data across any ePortfolio platform and from a learning management system such as Moodle for application as metadata that sits behind badges as symbols of achievement and recognition of professional skills attainment. A pilot system of badging these teamwork credentials using the Cengage platform will also be discussed. Our approach for measuring informal co-curricular skills attainment when coupled to authentic assessment tasks will be useful across the sciences and indeed other disciplines at higher education institutions.
Digging into Open Badges through a Province-wide Sandbox
Support for the growth and expansion of online learning and teaching is central to the mandate of eCampusOntario and its members. In June 2017, eCampusOntario announced an Expression of Interest (EOI) inviting its 45 member post-secondary institutions to participate in an EdTech Sandbox. The aim of the Sandbox is to provide institutions with an opportunity to explore a new set of tools to support technology-enabled learning in a risk-free environment. One of the areas of exploration was around Open Badging through provision of a limited number of institutionally-branded CanCred Factory environments and the new eCampusOntario Passport. CanCred is a Canadian cloud-based open badge management platform for creating, issuing and managing meaningful digital credential systems.
The eCampusOntario Open Badging Sandbox is meant to give Institutions access to explore how, through CanCred Factory and the new eCampusOntario Passport, open badges can be created and employed as recognitions of learning in order to support and extend technology-enabled teaching and learning, particularly in the areas of:
The overall goal of these action-based pilot explorations is to generate a diverse collection of case studies based on hands-on experience in designing and using open badge systems. These case studies will be used to inform future decision-making around potential shared services around open badging that will benefit Ontario’s Post-Secondary Environment.
Applicants interested in participating in the Open Badges Sandbox were required to submit an Expression of Interest, detailing the following:
Of the ## applications received through the EOI process, eight participating institutions were identified: Durham College; Fanshawe College; Georgian College; Loyalist College; Ryerson University, University of Waterloo; Western University and York University.
Through a series of webinars, orientation packages and one-on-one support from eCampusOntario and the CanCred implementation team, each are now developing, issuing and managing their own Institutionally branded badges. All badge data is securely stored on Canadian servers that are compliant with the Mozilla Open Badge standard. A dedicated eCampusOntario Passport was also set up as the common storage and display platform for Open Badges issued by the Factory environments. Badge earners are able to curate their badges in the Passport with other evidence, such as documents, text and embedded media using Pages which can function as micro-portfolios.
Although it is early days, initial feedback on this evaluation has been positive. We anticipate gathering and sharing results as they are accumulated through the following required reporting process:
Project Status Report
Project Interim Report
This session will provide attendees with an overview of how you can work to engage your partners in an evaluation project around open badging systems. The Expression of Interest, implementation and support and evaluation and reporting processes will be highlighted. It is our intention that this could be used a model for others in their exploration of open badges with their target groups.
|4:30pm||Open Recognition Networks — OB Challenges (4)|
Key challenge: how to make learners, individuals and citizens the builders of Open Recognition Networks?
Statement: Current recognition systems are structured around the individual. In contrast, Open Recognition Networks are structured around a shared community space and common context of goals and badges, where social understanding can develop and grow. Open Recognition Networks can be a place where badges and endorsements are created and understood. They can serve as an interface between a community and web services that server that community.
Questions: How do people construct their identity in relation to others in a community? How can we build meaningful visual representations from Open Badges, Open Endorsements and other verifiable claims that are more meaningful because they exist in a community? How can these representations enable reflection and action? How do they contribute to one’s identity construction? How do they facilitate the emergence of bottom-up recognition systems?
|Breakout Session Room|
|6:30pm||End of day 2|
|8:30pm - 11:30pm||Social Dinner|
|Date: Friday, 27/Oct/2017|
|8:30am||Welcome and registration|
|9:30am||PR31: Presentation of projects|
Preparing Career Aware Graduates by applying an ISA Model and Integrative Career Development Learning in Science Courses at UNSW Sydney
1Prince of Wales Clinical School, UNSW Sydney; 2School of Medical Sciences, UUNSW Sydney
The success of student employability post-graduation is not solely determined by obtaining an academic qualification. Other qualities are also important including: graduate attributes, professional skills and the ability for students to properly package and present their credentials and capabilities. The ISA - Image of potential own career, Self-directed life-long and life-wide learning as well as Assessment and adjustment model was implemented in senior third year science courses at UNSW using ePortfolio pedagogy to raise awareness and develop career relevant skills for undergraduates. The idea was to engage students recognizing their emerging identity and their images of own potential career, carry out a self-directed learning journey to understand and pursue their career goals, and take assessment and adjustment of their studies and get the most from them. We were the first to deliver integrated career development learning (ICDL) in a learner centred ePortfolio (a teaching ePortfolio in Moodle plus student ePortfolios in Mahara) utilising emerging technologies. We have used the internationally recognized assessment tool: Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy (CDMSE) Scale, which seeks to measure the confidence of a student in pursuing their career goals and assess the longitudinal impact of interventions in career development education. We have proposed an ISA model to deliver integrative career development learning (ICDL) in our teaching and research project approaches. The pilot application of ICDL in a cancer sciences course showed that students became significantly more confident in career associated self-efficacy, which formed the basis of the present study which delivered ICDL to students in four 3rd year senior science courses versus a control class across disciplines within the School of Medical Sciences, UNSW Sydney. The goal of our study was to evaluate effects of the ICDL on career associated self-efficacy of students from career-intervention classes that raise student awareness of potential career paths available to them, as well as whether there were observable effects between female and male students in each course, using an international standard career decision making and self-efficacy (CDMSE) score. Study outcomes indicated a significant improvement in the CDMSE scales pre- and post-course within four courses that received ICDL intervention individually or as an intervention group, but not in the control course. The improvement was noticed in either females or males pre- and post-ICDL intervention when analysed in single gender. Males showed slightly better improvement than females at the end of the ICDL intervention. The introduction of this pedagogy and model has proven t be successful in evidencing graduate learning outcomes for improving student confidence in CDMSE. Reflective practice that was integrated with career learning was a key aspect to this approach and facilitated student awareness of their emerging identities as scientists-in-the making. Implementation of ePortfolios to build student identity in the sciences supports them in developing reflective practice, metacognition, digital literacy, career awareness, knowledge of graduate employability and professional identity. Importantly, ePortfolios assist students in higher education to ultimately develop evaluative thinking allowing them to make sense of their learning. Students can then become owners of their professional identity and navigate their way towards future employment.
OpenAgri: New Skills for new Jobs in Peri-urban Agriculture: Using Open Badges for Urban Innovation
1Cineca, Italy; 2Municipality of Milan
In the public agenda, food is no more considered just as a commodity or as a nutritional necessity; it is an emerging multidimensional policy challenge, which crosses ecological, social, economic and spatial dimensions. A sustainable and integrated urban approach is needed to deal with the main issues that must be addressed: an inclusive, coherent and reflexive urban-rural food governance system; a more solid social and physical infrastructure to reduce the distance between producers and consumers, and to promote circular economy; reliable markets for quality food producers, resulting in new opportunities for SMEs development; the need for experimenting new forms of entrepreneurship in the agricultural sector, and for creating new jobs and skills.
OpenAgri is an EU-funded project under the Urban Initiative Actions umbrella, lead by the City of Milan and gathering over 16 partners, from start-up incubators to social enterprises, from agriculture and food innovation experts to universities and technology providers.
At the core of the project there is an “Open Innovation Hub on Peri-Urban Agriculture”. The Hub will be a physical place, Cascina Nosedo, at the southern border of the city of Milan: with its buildings to be restored and opened to the public, and some acres available for cultivations projects and the like. But the Hub is also an integrated strategy to deliver innovation in existing and newly created nodes of the agri-food value chain, focusing on new skills, training, pilot projects for SMEs and startups ideas.
The project aims at improving interactions between traditional knowledge holders and other more innovative actors, between local and city-wide realities engaged in product, services or process innovation. It is also expected to foster cross-sector linkages and hybridization between different fields (agriculture, food industry, culture, education…) and actors (SMEs, NGO, PA) with the ultimate aim of testing an innovation-driven inclusive growth model.
How shall we highlight all the knowledge, skills, competencies that already are within the local territory and its actors, and those who will be created through the virtuous interactions activated by the Innovation Hub? How do we map all this value and make it readable as OpenAgri’s value while giving proper credit to the multiple actors who are cultivating, assessing and endorsing skills? How do we provide lifelong learners who will be engaged in the Hub’s activities with something tangible as a result of their path, of their willingness to get involved and share?
These needs lead to the engagement in the project of Cineca and its Open Badge platform Bestr. For OpenAgri the Open Badges features on Bestr will be expanded to include Learning Pathways: a learning pathway can be made up of many Badges by different issuers and may or may not lead to a macro-Badge identifying a professional profile or a specialization related to urban and peri-urban agriculture and the agri-food sector in general. The various skills and competencies growing in and around Cascina Nosedo will be mapped, as will be the different – possibly alternative to each other – ways to develop and assess them.
In this way the different training opportunities, that will arise in OpenAgri, will be matched to Badges and interconnected to form learning pathways that the learners involved in the project will experience, demonstrate and share.
The main challenge will be the mapping itself: we will deal with competencies varying from soft skills to entrepreneurial skills to very specific domain skills; competencies for which the partners are Learning Providers or Assessment Providers, and competencies still unknown to the partners, which will be brought to the table by the candidates for new projects to be realized at the Hub and for which Learning and Assessment opportunities will have to be found or created.
We will need a way to master the complexity while letting it express its potential. We’ll need to set boundaries related to the granularity level to which Badges may be meaningful (not too detailed, but not too broad nonetheless), and we need to define processes to let all actors interact fruitfully while maintaining a clear readable and valuable result in the eyes of learners and of the general public.
The presentation will detail the broader purpose of the project, the challenges expected in the implementation of the project’s competency system through Open Badges and the value that we expect this system will bring to the overall project and the territory.
Analysis of proposed expansion of TESOL Arabia’s open badge system from simple recognition of participation at face-to-face events to online evidence-based recognition of activities and artefacts that demonstrate application of professional practice
TESOL Arabia, Oman
Introduction to general context
The “open badge” project to be presented is in the context of supporting the mission of the Non profit organisation (NPO) - TESOL Arabia (TA) and addressing recent challenges that impact on TA’s programming efforts. TA is an organisation whose mission is to address the professional development (PD) needs of its members, namely EFL teachers, most of whom are based in the UAE but who are also growing numbers in other parts of the Arab Gulf region. It is run by volunteers elected from its membership and is financed by both membership subscriptions and proceeds from its annual international conference and exhibition .
Impact of change
TA is facing at least two major challenges - a change in membership profile, and a change in UAE Ministry of Education policy. Both have significant implications for TA programming and by extension, the organization’s badge ecosystem. Membership statistics over recent years reveal a decline in its traditional membership base, UAE teachers, while membership from outside the UAE is trending upwards. The result is that membership growth has plateaued. Yet the bulk of the Organization’s programming efforts - face to face events - remain largely focused on serving the needs of only UAE teachers and participation rates at these events are on the decline, with only one exception - the annual TESOL Arabia conference - where members throughout the Gulf region bolster numbers. Part of the reason for this decline appears to lie in policy changes at the Ministries of Education level in the UAE and other countries in the Gulf region. Up until recently, Ministries of Education had a largely decentralized approach to promoting teacher PD. TA programming helped address much of what was then UAE teacher driven demand for PD programming, and UAE Ministries at least, formally expressed their support for such programming by promoting teacher attendance at TA events and taking a highly visible sponsorship role at the annual conference. At the advice of international organizations, such Ministries are now focusing on improving graduate education results. As a result, Ministries are now taking a more centralized approach to promoting teacher PD which has led to more funding being directed at organizing such PD with higher quality and in-house. These changes have precipitated a rethink of TA’s programming efforts. It is now apparent that they not only meet the PD needs of UAE based TA members but also those in other parts of the Arab Gulf. They also need to be more closely aligned with the new centralized PD programming efforts at the ministry level if TA wishes to garner the same or even greater Ministry of Education support.
Response to change
Online instruction strategies are now being pursued by TA as a means of addressing these challenges and “open digital badges” are seen as playing an important role in supporting this initiative. Since their introduction in 2014, “open digital badges” have been used by TA to recognize volunteer participation in TA events, especially the annual TESOL Arabia Conference. Proposed now is expansion of the existing badge ecosystem to include “evidence” based badges that recognize membership engagement in activities that demonstrate application of professional practice. This is more closely aligned with both TA’s fundamental mission and the Ministry of Education policy push to promote higher quality PD. Currently being entertained is the use by members of a basic professional practices framework to document and share their engagement in PD as criteria for earning such badges.
Challenges in design
A number of key challenges to realizing this initiative have been identified. Foremost is how to increase the likelihood of its successful implementation. The presentation seeks to evaluate the current plan in terms of recognising/ characteristics common to successful badge programs elsewhere ; reviewing how many of these already exist within TA’s current badge ecosystem; and identifying which characteristics if any should be included in the proposed plan. Equally important is conducting careful review of whether badge criteria should be compliance based (addressing a checklist of preconditions) or competency based (meeting clearly defined standards) or a combination of both. Identified here is a tension between realizing practical badge administration and realizing possible badge endorsement from Ministries of Education in the region.
Promoting inclusion in the design process
The presentation also proposes the use of “design thinking” practices as another means to increasing the likelihood of the successful adoption and sustainment of the plan. Such practise invites input from members during the design and implementation stages. This is done with the intent of not only improving the quality of the design, but increasing its ownership and subsequent dissemination.
Presentation will offer detail on the rationale for the current badge system changes and will welcome discussion on the planned badge initiative, its challenges, and its methods for promoting greater membership inclusion.
Open Badges in the Higher Education student lifecycle
Open Badges represent the competencies and results achieved by a person, but their nature of digital objects conforming to a standard and objects that can travel over internet makes them not only a “message” but also an “instrument”.
They are, in reality, an easily adopted instrument, one that is simple and reliable and enables interoperability and integration between platforms and therefore between organisations and heterogeneous contexts.
Open Badges represent the standard for Open Recognition of learning achievements, enabling the creation of an Open Recognition ecosystem.
Cineca supports the Italian universities in digitalising their processes and is providing technological solutions to manage the organisation overall, from internal administrative processes to those of management of Research and Teaching, as well as all the processes regarding the student. Cineca is, therefore, one of the stakeholders who are called upon “to establish a trustworthy system of human and machine verifiable learning credentials and to adopt open standards facilitating the comparability and transferability of learning credentials” (Open Recognition Declaration, second action).
In 2015 Cineca set up Bestr, the first Italian digital platform to exploit Open Badges for enhancing lifelong and lifewide learning. Over the two years since then, Cineca has published more than 450 Badge Classes from more than 70 organisations and set up various scenarios and use cases typical of the university world. These use cases have led to an organic view of the Bestr platform and the Open Badges relative to university processes and their implementation has been based on the integration of different systems (LMS, SIS and others) through the use of open standards for the exchange of events and data.
In 2018 Cineca and the Universities in a consortium decided to focus development of the Bestr platform on the life cycle of the university student and identify the six core stages that make it up: Orientation, Admission and enrolment, Exams, Acquisition and recognition of study credits, Conferral of the degree, Alumni.
This operation will have two aims. The first concerns the students directly and is that of exploiting Open Badges at every single step in the life of the university student, to increase the value of the competencies and results achieved. The second concerns the University and is that of exploiting Open Badges to digitalise or improve internal processes.
The first use case allowing us to focus on the student life cycle concerned the stage of acquisition and recognition of study credits. Since the end of 2016 Bestr allows the consortium universities to exploit Open Badges as an instrument for recognising competencies and results achieved by students in formal credits: extracurricular activities, language certificates, periods of external mobility, activities carried out with companies and external organisations or on-line activities supplied by other organisations can be automatically converted - “monetarised” by a University, making use of endorsing and the capability of the Student Information System to handle Open Badges and attribute a value to each Open Badge in terms of formal credits.
In 2017, the University of Milan Bicocca proposed a second use case connected with the process of “Degree Conferral”. In this case the Open Badges have been exploited to represent and certify automatically (thanks to integration with SIS) Open Badges representing a university study certificate. In this accomplishment, as well as the Open Badge standard, the xAPI standard was also exploited, to enable the SIS to transmit to Bestr the event of conferral of the degree and a set of outcomes (for example, grades, date) and evidence (for example, title of thesis, abstract of thesis) that give better communication of the value of the Open Badge conferred.
To deal with new use cases regarding the other stages of the student life cycle, Cineca has defined a series of further new scenarios and identified actors, aims solutions that look on Open Badges as a key instrument for digitalisation or improvement of university processes and for implementing new forms of Open Recognition.
These scenarios have been shared with the Universities in the consortium, so that they can used them as a tool for exploring and understanding the specific real needs of each University and then pass on to an implementation stage.
The paper will describe the scenarios already implemented and those proposed by the Italian universities, providing an example of a possible application for these.
|9:30am||Workshop - Open Recognition Network and Social Capital Representation - OB Challenges (5)|
During this session we will look at two particular challenges: Open Recognition Networks and Social Capital Representation. This will be introduced by a presentation of a regional initiative, Badgeons la Normandie, which is confronted to those issues.
3. Open Recognition Networks
Key challenge: how to make learners, individuals and citizens the builders of Open Recognition Networks?
Statement: Current recognition networks are dominated by institutions of formal education. Already in the first version of the Open Badge infrastructure it was implicit that only institutions had the right to recognise learning while learners only had the right to be recognised by institutional authorities. Elementary informal recognition statements, Open Endorsements, can be combined with Open Badges and other verifiable claims to elicit recognition networks.
6. Social Capital Representation
Key challenge: how to provide individuals, communities and organisation with dynamic representations of the assets composing their social capital?
Statement: the assets of a person is represented by the things they own and have produced, the trust they have endorsed and given. Open Badges and Open Endorsements are a means to provide a tangible representation of those assets that make it possible to provide some kind of tangible measurement of the social capital of person or a group.
|Breakout Session Room|
"Badgeons la Normandie" — Using Open Badges to develop a Learning Region
DRAAF de Normandie, France
April, 6th 2017, the actors of agricultural education and the farming profession of the Normandie region called for a regional partnership to explore the potential of Open Badges to build a learning territory. They made a launch statement presenting their common goals : - Facilitating the recognition and valorisation of skills and learning, formal and informal; - Preparing learners for lifelong learning; - Identifying emerging skills, connecting them with the job market; - Implementing digital tools to foster the learner’s ability to act autonomously. After a few months of hard work and a lot of communication, they want to present their first results. Their presentation will focus on the strategy they decided to enforce to bring together individuals, institutions, associations and organisations working in education and training, employment and social integration in Normandy. A focus will also be made on the functions of Open badges they want to use : - badges as connectors - badges for making visible informal recognition - badges to valorize individuals or communities of practice and the services and digital tools they wish to develop to foster the adoption of Open badges. You can read their launch of statement and call for interest here : Badgeons la Normandie [http://www.badgeonslanormandie.fr/?page_id=230]
|11:30am||KEY3.1: Keynote Session|
Progress in Canada: Toward an 'Internet of Skills'
Griffiths Sheppard Consulting Group Inc, Canada
Canada has a workforce development problem.
While we have one of the best credentialed adult populations on planet, we still have significant mismatches in the economy, resulting in “people without jobs, and jobs without people”. Recognizing learning that takes place outside of formal educational structures is virtually non-existent. For an individual, tracing a learning pathway from their current skills and competencies to economic opportunities (ie, jobs) is difficult if not impossible. While our country encourages immigration (targeted immigration levels are being raised to around 300,000 per year) – and yet we have over half a million immigrants in Canada who cannot work in their field because their credentials are not recognized.
The Open Recognition declaration and open badges are useful tools for workforce development, but in Canada there are noticeable and significant limitations. While there are currently over 10 million digital/open badges in existence around the world, but they are not linked to each other or to the economy in a cohesive and coherent manner, and as such recognition is haphazard, and they aren’t able to fulfill the promise of providing a passport to greater economic mobility for individuals, nor are they helping to streamline the recruiting and employee development practices for employers or guide curriculum development activities of educators and training providers.
The piece that seems to be missing, at least here in Canada, is a robust and comprehensive national skills/competency/qualification framework that would provide a mechanism for linking badges to the economy, as well as guiding the development of new badges and micro-credentialing. We believe there’s a real need to put the “voice of the customer” into the badging discussion by engaging industry/employers in creating the competency definitions that will guide development of badges in future.
Three research papers were published by the Canada West Foundation to explore these concepts: Competence is the Best Credential (April 2015) explored the need for Canada to do a better job of recognizing the things people can actually do rather than using formal education as a proxy for capability. Building Blocks (December 2015) explored the concept of modular, stackable, competency-based credentials for skilled trades, arguing that it had the potential to accelerate learning and provide greater worker mobility in a rapidly changing economy. Finally, Matchup (February 2017) presented a case for creating a comprehensive national competency framework for Canada.
Since then, the movement has built momentum, and efforts are underway to create the protocols that will govern the framework, with the belief that these protocols could be followed in an open source approach that would ultimately lead to an organic, self-populating, global, “internet of skills”. This presentation focuses on recent activities on the initiative, and invites a dialogue around these concepts.
Through an interactive process with delegates, we want to look at a number of questions:
The presentation will reveal the current state of developments in Canada, with specific details, recommendations and action plans that were developed during a number of forums, workshops and meetings held throughout 2017.
Study to support the revision of the Diploma Supplement and analyse the feasibility of its digitalisation at European level
The Study to support the revision of the Diploma Supplement and analyse the feasibility of its digitalisation at European level looks at the Diploma Supplement in an abstract sense, and elaborates on what it would mean to digitalise it. This custom-format study includes elements of status-quo mapping, an evaluative view on usefulness, and a feasibility analysis of future options for digitalisation of the DS at European level.
The report defines and describes four technical options for the digital development of the digital Diploma Supplement which could help solve the current implementation issues across the EHEA.
Since the focus of the study is the Diploma Supplement as a document or service issued together with a higher education diploma, we present the basic set of requirements for making a Diploma Supplement digital (Option 0). We then present a set of intermediary digitalisation approaches, which outline not only potential formats of the digital DS, but also student data exchange and interoperability solutions. Option 0 discusses the need for structured, machine readable data formats for compiling the Diploma Supplement and the meaningful exchange of student data. Options 1-3 discuss data output formats, and how to expand data exchange.
In this report we present Open Badges as one of the feasible Diploma Supplement digitalisation options that could be used to augment conventional education credentials. We conclude that even though the Open Badge option may not be readily transferable across the EHEA, it could be explored as a prospective solution in the context of emerging technology.
The open badge experiment in Dutch HE. Building a proof of concept for an open badge infrastructure.
SURFnet, Netherlands, The
The open badge experiment in Dutch HE.
SURFnet, the National Research & Education Network (NREN) organization in The Netherlands, is building a pilot micro-credentialing system using the open source project Badgr, to allow institutions to experiment with creating and awarding open badges.
There is not much practical experience with open badges for micro-credentials in Dutch education. This is why experiments are indispensable. In 2017, we are creating a proof of concept for an open badge infrastructure, as well as investigating which technologies and standards are needed to be able to assign open badges. Additionally, we organise support for implementing micro-credentialing in higher education in the Netherlands.
The paper suggests three different scenarios for the use of badges in Dutch HE:
These different scenarios provide different use cases for the use of open badges and the way in which they are accepted within the HE community. Currently most of the institutes are looking into open badges as an extra service on top of the current certificates or as an extra for proof of informal or exceptional learning within HE institutions.
The overall aim of the experiment
We seek to find answers at a practical and semantical level:
At a practical level: How can an institute or a teacher assert a badge? What is needed to implement a badge infrastructure for a HE institution or at a central NREN? What are best practices for asserting badges? At what level within the institution can badges be asserted? Can signing of badges add value to a badge and if so would this best be done by a NREN?
At a semantical level: Are badges course based or competency based or is there a better alternative? How can we make sure that badges within the HE sector are comparable and stackable, given the discussion between course or competency based badges? If badges are interoperable can students exchange an institute A econ101 badge for an institute B econ101 badge? How can badges best be displayed for minor exchanges? How can students create their own stack of badges and have them assessed as a whole study?
Our experiments are aimed to gain more insight into the process of using open badges within HE, the interoperability of badges within and between institutions for study programmes of students. In the workshops the institutes also work on finding the semantics for these badges by coupling the badges with earlier defined competency frameworks as well as predefined accreditation standards within Dutch HE. The frameworks and the data with regards to the values or scores on these frameworks is than mapped on the open badges specification. At the moment, there are not many available solutions that have alignments or other methods for linking badges with external validation methodologies available. Open source development and collaboration with suppliers is therefore needed.
We see promise in the use of open badges for Dutch Higher Education to enable micro credentialing and more flexibility and choice for students as well as better adapted education to meet the needs of employers who would like their staff to be certified.
|2:00pm||KEY3.2: Round Table: the Open Badges / Open Recognition Challenges Roadmap - OB Challenges (6)|
Session Chair: Serge Ravet
During three days, we will have had the opportunity to explore the different challenges (may be identify more) and it is time to establish a roadmap for the future of Open Recognition. The moderators of the different challenges will provide a brief report and a discussion will be opened with the participants.
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Conference: ePIC 2017
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