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Macromedia University of Applied Sciences, Germany
The interest and reflection in this paper will be focused on the interaction of attractive retail and attractive inner cities. Local retail and its challenges from increased online consumption as well as other situations confronting downtown areas in the digital transformation age will be examined using the example of the German small town of Bocholt. Methods and processes from the creative practice of strategic design are used to ask questions about the problem catalysts and social dimensions. As a result, designers no longer produce exclusively finished products or services, but rather that more or less intensive social ties are increasingly designed to integrate heterogeneous participant fields as infrastructures. This requires knowledge of both creative user-related qualities as designers in a digitally transformed world and the challenges of managing urban organizations and retailing. Derived from the mechanisms of digital transformation and based on the data from a study by the Institute of Trade Research, design strategies and methods are defined as the basis for a student project.
Shaping the Hospital of the Future. Improve the user experience in the Public Healthcare Sector through Service Design Education.
Angela Giambattista1, Loredana Di Lucchio1, Mariia Zolotova2
1Sapienza University of Rome, Italy; 2Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University
The Public Healthcare Sector is experiencing a profound crisis due to socio-dynamic changes (Parameswaran&Raijmakers, 2010) difficult to manage, such as demographic aging and population growth. Furthermore, if we consider the new alternative approaches in disease management and the growing participation of patients in healthcare decision making (Vahdat et al., 2014), deep considerations and paradigmatic shifts in the way healthcare professionals design, produce and use the medical products are needed. The growing interest in the potential of Design approaches, from which to draw consolidated models of thought and creative and divergent practices (Chamberlain, 2015) to respond to fundamental challenges for the health of our society, has recently expanded from the dimension of products and services. This represents an unmissable opportunity for the Design Discipline to switch from a Product-Centered model to a Human-Centered model where the user is placed in the center of the process and the product expands into product/service with a systemic perspective.
The introduction of Service Design in medical settings requires a multilevel approach that analyzes the complexity of the system, in which the nature of the problems intersects with economic and social dynamics too. From this point of view, the methodologies of Service Design offer conceptual models that help to focus the design action on the User Experience, considering all the characteristics of the service in a structured way and openly thinking about the individual components without losing the holistic view. According to this new perspective and given the growing relevance of services in the contemporary economy, in the corporate strategies and in the public sector, the academic approach to Service Design and the Service Design Education in the context of Healthcare need to be revised through a better definition of design competencies (Morelli&Götzen, 2017).
In the light of these considerations, this paper describes the didactic experience held within an International Master of Science in Product Design at Sapienza University of Rome, where the students have experimented the methods of the Service Design (Stickdorn et al., 2011) to respond to the problem of designing the User Experience (Norman, 2004) in a Public Healthcare Context. The aim was to transfer to the students the skills useful for achieving a Service and Social Innovation (Manzini, 2015) in the field of Public Healthcare through the development of a Design Proposal of a product/service that would provide a new User Experience for the Pediatric Emergency Room of the local public Hospital 'Policlinico Umberto I’ by taking into consideration its social, economic and technological long-term sustainability. In order to reach that goal, the didactic activities were organized as a three-step process (Research, Design, Develop) each with their own tools that have supported students in learning, thinking, analyzing, understanding, and evaluating all the stages of the design process.
The course finalized at a set of Design Proposals demonstrating the potential of Design Discipline to bring improvements to the Public Healthcare Services Sector thanks to its creative and divergent thinking and to the development of effective Users Experiences.
Service design Thinking and Organisational Change in the Public Sector
Sodertorn University, Sweden
This paper aims at creating an understanding of the transformation of organizational thought in service organizations active in the public sector. The need to re-think organizational thought emerges as a consequence of innovation in design thought, i.e. service design thinking (SDT). The question is: How does SDT transform organizational thought? The present paper examines organizations in the public service sector. The conducted study suggests SDT is a self-propelled management tool for organizational unlearning toward a management style, that creates space and makes foot soldiers and managers on different layers dare to take up their own space.