Conference Agenda

Overview and details of the sessions of this conference. Please select a date or location to show only sessions at that day or location. Please select a single session for detailed view (with abstracts and downloads if available).

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Session Overview
Date: Tuesday, 13/Nov/2018
8:30am - 12:30pmPreConf Morning 1: Publication Bootcamp (Half Day)
Session Chair: Jacqueline Mattis, University of Michigan, United States of America

Publication Bootcamp: Writing for Scholarly Journals

Jacqueline Mattis1, Kathleen Burlew2

1University of Michigan, United States of America; 2University of Cincinnati, United States of America

This workshop provides concrete structures, tools, and guidelines for publishing in scholarly social science journals. Particular emphasis is placed on theoretical framing, constructing the literature review, results and discussion of findings. Handouts and templates for writing are provided. The workshop concludes with tips for writing productivity.

9:00am - 5:00pmPreConf FullDay 1: Disaster Mental Health (Full Day)
Session Chair: Jeanne LeBlanc, Independent Practice, Canada

Disaster Mental Health Workshop

Jeanne Marie Leblanc1, Mike Campbell2, Rita Dudley-Grant3, Josette Sam4

1Independent Practice, Canada; 2University of the West Indies--Cave Hill; 3Licensed Clinical Psychologist, USVI; 4Care Child Board, Barbados

This workshop will: 1)address contemporary techniques, methodologies, and theories appropriate for Disaster Mental Health in the region; 2) increase professional/public awareness of the role of psychological science in promoting individual, community, national, international and regional well-being/development in response to disasters; 3) promote sustained collaboration within the Caribbean and the Diaspora.

9:00am - 5:00pmPreConf FullDay 2: Emotional Emancipation Circles (Full Day)
Session Chair: Cheryl Grills, Loyola Marymount University, United States of America

Emotional Emancipation Circles- Training of Facilitators

Cheryl Grills1, Daryl Rowe2

1Loyola Marymount University, United States of America; 2Association of Black Psychologists

This training workshop equips participants to establish and run Emotional Emancipation Circles (EECs), self-help support groups in which Black people can work together to heal from, overcome, and overturn the lie of Black inferiority: the root cause of the devaluing of Black lives.

1:00pm - 5:00pmPreConf Afternoon 1: Psychology Education/Training Curriculum Workshop (Half Day)
Session Chair: Makesha Tamaala Evans, International University of the Caribbean, Jamaica

Psychology Education and Curriculum

Makesha Tamaala Evans1, Aida Jiminez Torres2

1International University of the Caribbean, Jamaica; 2University of Puerto Rico, Puerto Rico

This workshop addresses major issues and challenges in the development, implementation and assessment of programmes in the Caribbean based on a shift from a “learning objectives” to a “competency based” model. Participants will be able to outline concrete steps to develop and/or enhance the competency-based approach at their institutions.

1:00pm - 5:00pmPreConf Afternoon 2: Grant Writing Workshop (Half Day)
Session Chair: Anna Wheatley Scarbriel, Community Foundation of the Virgin Islands, United States of America

Grant Writing Workshop

Merry Bulllock3, Rita Dudley-Grant2, Anna Wheatley Scarbriel1

1Community Foundation of the Virgin Islands, USVI; 2Private Practice, USVI; 3Ahimsa International, USVI

This workshop will guide participants on translating ideas into fundable proposals with discussion and exercises. In addition to a solid basis of grant writing, the workshop will address how to identify funding sources, organization and time management, proposal guidelines, and packaging a grant submission.

6:00pm - 9:00pmSocial: Welcome Reception



  • COC Co-Chair and President of JamPsych - Kai A. D. Morgan, PsyD and  
    COC Co Chair - Guerda Nicolas, PhD 
  • CANPA member states -Video
  • Minister of Tourism -
  • CANPA President - Omowale Amuleru Marshall, PhD

Musical interlude (Zordon Moffatt)

Talk of the Town 
Date: Wednesday, 14/Nov/2018
8:00am - 9:30amS-01: Opening Session
Session Chair: Rosemarie Voordouw, Jampsych, Jamaica

Welcoming Music
Opening Remarks

  • Dr. Kevin Goulbourne, Director Mental Unit
  • Dr. Omowale Amuleru-Marshall, President, CANPA
  • Dr. Kai Nicolas, President JAMPSYCH and Dr. Guerda Nicolas, CANPA Secretary-General - CRCP2018 Co-Chairs


Pioneer Award Pesentation

Recognition of Trailblazers in Psychology

Opening Session Keynote: Representative, Jamaica Ministry of Health

9:45am - 10:45amS-02: CRCP2018 Keynote Addresses
Session Chair: Omowale Amuleru-Marshall, CANPA, United States of America

On Building Community Capital

Nelson Colon

Puerto Rico Community Foundation, Puerto Rico (U.S.)

The community capital framework posits that 6 asset types: intellectual; social; cultural; physical; economic; and environmental serve as pathways towards community self-development, and provide a platform for empowerment and greater social and economic equity. This keynote will describe implmentation of the framework in Puerto Rico, and potential roles for psychologists.

Affordable, Accessible, Culturally Sensitive Assessment and Intervention across Caribbean Nations

Michael Lambert

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and 3-C Family Services, United States of America

This keynote focuses on research-based indigenous assessment tools for the Caribbean region, and on the use of technology that makes such assessment tools accessible to clinicians, researchers, program evaluators, and Caribbean citizens.

10:45am - 11:00amB1: Morning Coffee Break
Prefunction Area 
11:00am - 12:00pmS-03: Invited Panel: Söderstrom, Whaley, Clinton
Session Chair: Michael Harry Campbell, University of the West Indies--Cave Hill, Barbados
Rio Bueno 

Imported, Adapted, or Home grown? Psychology in Different Sociocultural Contexts.

Kerstin Söderström

Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, Norway

Based on Cuban health psychology, efforts to develop a Palestinian community psychology, Vietnam´s quest for a culturally appropriate clinical psychology, and features of Norwegian psychology, I share reflections on how psychology as a scientific dicipline and profession can contribute, grow and fit with the local culture, belief-systems and geopolitical history.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Psychotic Disorders: Separating Culture from Psychopathology

Arthur L Whaley

Independent Consultant, United States of America

The Caribbean region consists of countries with multicultural societies. Mental health professionals must be able to distinguish between cultural expressions and psychopathology in treating clients or patients from diverse backgrounds. Specific lessons from the African American experience will be used to illustrate culturally appropriate approaches to psychotic illnesses.

Leadership in International Psychology

Amanda Beth Clinton

American Psychological Association, United States of America

This presentation focuses on psychological science as it informs international relations and leadership. The importance of leadership by psychologists on the international stage is discussed. Research on the skills requisite to international leadership is presented and practical applications of the same are provided. Conclusions address the future of psychology and psychologists in leadership.

11:00am - 12:00pmS-04: Papers: Caribbean Psychology Education and Training
Session Chair: Victor LINA, Association des Psychologues de la Martinique, Ecole Régionale ALI-Antilles, Martinique (France)

Experiences Of Parents Regarding Special Education Decisions For Their Children

Sean Travis Doorn

Adelphi University, United States of America

This study explored parent perceptions special education services and identified differences between parents who accepted and rejected special education services for their children.

Parents perceive themselves as advocates. Secondly, the decision to reject IEP services reflects a combination of rational decision, self-prejudice or stigma of the parent against special education.

The Strengths-Based Approach: Promoting Student Achievement and Holistic Growth

Edward Rawana

Lakehead University, Canada

This presentation will focus on a strength-based approach to teaching that identifies and fosters the internal psychological strengths of students. This approach is school-wide and is expected to create a positive school climate that facilitates academic achievement and holistic growth in students. A measure of psychological strengths will be presented.

Unpacking Workplace Race-Based Traumatic Stress

Natacha Pennycooke

Browne Psychology Professional Corporation, Canada

In 2017, the UN reported that anti-Black racism "lies at the core" of many Canadian institutions. Clinical observations have demonstrated an increase in treatment seeking to address experiences of workplace race-based traumatic stress. Racial realities; systematic racism; and, treatment approaches will be discussed.

Education en Haiti: défis de la scolarisation des haïtiens

Ronald Jean Jacques

Association Haitienne de Psychologie (AHPsy) Haiti

Education des enfants et des jeunes: de l'obligation des états à garantir le droit de tous a la scolarisation.

11:00am - 12:00pmS-05: Papers: Education and Workplace
Session Chair: Jacqueline Mattis, University of Michigan, United States of America

Re-conceptualizing Psychology in Haiti: A Doctoral Student’s Experiences

Elizabeth Farrah Louis

The University of Georgia, United States of America

As a Haitian American living and conducting research abroad in Haiti, I will reflect and share my experiences of reconceptualizing psychology that is approach within a rich cultural context and provide examples of community based work that I have been engaged in; provide a snapshot of engaging in international work.

Investigating Communication Apprehension as a Factor Impacting Student Communication Competence

Cheryl Cadogan-McClean

The University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus, Barbados

This study investigated communication apprehension (CA) among third year psychology students. Findings indicated that the majority of students had high CA, CA was a significant predictor of academic stress and, self-esteem was a partial mediator in the relationship between CA and academic stress. Implications for teaching students are discussed.

Facebook Use and Emotions among University Students

Leann Marissa Kendall

University of Guyana, Guyana

Facebook use affects the emotional well-being of University students significantly. This study examines to what extent University students assigned to make social comparisons on Facebook, report higher levels of envy and narcissism than those in a neutral condition, or a grateful condition.

Parenting Styles and Student Academic Performance in The Bahamas

Nicora Shekera Stubbs-Young

Ministry of Education, Bahamas, The

The study utilises one way analyses of variance to examine differences in primary and secondary school students’ academic performance based on Baumrind’s (1966) authoritarian, authoritative, and permissive parenting styles, as reported by parents (N=500). Preliminary analyses revealed the authoritative style as predominant in school districts in The Bahamas.

11:00am - 12:00pmS-06: Roundtable: Disaster Response

Post Disaster Care: Ambiguous Loss and Healing the Hurt

Chair(s): Amanda DiLorenzo (University of Central Florida, United States of America)

Presenter(s): Amanda DiLorenzo (University of Central Florida)

Pauline Boss (1999) defines ambiguous loss as an “incomplete or uncertain loss” (p. 3). It will be discussed as an approach to treat clients who have experienced loss and feeling grief. Techniques to work with client’s will be reviewed: finding meaning, reconstructing identity, understanding attachment, and looking towards both.

11:00am - 12:00pmS-07: Roundtable: Supervision and Practice

Equipping Caribbean Consulting Psychologists: ensuring quality cross-cultural supervision and practice

Chair(s): John Patrick Fennig (DRI Consulting), Makesha Tamaala Evans (International University of the Caribbean, Jamaica)

Presenter(s): John Patrick Fennig (DRI Consulting), Makesha Tamaala Evans (IUC)

This research critically examines cross-cultural supervision of interns in the field of Consulting Psychology. The findings highlight best practice for internships, and for the development of consulting competencies that are effective in the Jamaican context, and internationally. Data is drawn from case studies, and in-depth interviews with educators and interns.

11:00am - 12:00pmS-08: Symposium: Evènements Traumatogènes Et Epreuves Projectives En Guadeloupe Et En Guyane

Evènements Traumatogènes Et Epreuves Projectives En Guadeloupe Et En Guyane

Chair(s): Marie Gina LeConte (CHU de la GUADELOUPE, Guadeloupe), Nadine Grandbois (CHAR de la GUYANE FRANCAISE)

Discussant(s): Nadine Grandbois (CHAR de la GUYANE FRANCAISE)

Ce symposium sera présenté par quatre Psychologues Cliniciennes de Guadeloupe et de Guyane, intervenant toutes en milieu hospitalier.

Il se déroulera comme suit : introduction par le président, suivi de la présentation des trois intervenants, puis d'une discussion-débat avec les participants.


Presentations of the Symposium


Violence Conjugale Meurtrière : Homicide-suicide Et Devenir Psychique Des Enfants

Marie Gina LeConte

Deux situations cliniques illustreront certaines problématiques surgissant chez des enfants dont la mort leur est tombée dessus suite à l'homocide-suicide de leurs parents, le passage à l'acte relevant d'une logique d'impossible séparation.

Quelles imagos parentales, quels modèles identificatoires intériorisés ?

Une dynamique de vie non étayée devient-elle possible ?


Clinique Du Corps Et Violence De L'annonce Chez L'adolescent Séropositif

Constance LeConte

Deux illustrations cliniques aideront à analyser les effets chez l'adolescent de l'annonce de la pathologie somatique transmise verticalement.

Quelles conséquences l'effraction psychique induit-elle sur la construction identitaire et les repères identificatoires, dans le traitement des pulsions libidinales et agressives, le travail de différenciation d'avec la figue maternelle, paternelle intériorisées ?


Couple Et Famille : Violence Sexuelle Et Filiation Psychique

Jöelle Chandey

Deux vignettes cliniques permettront d'analyser les questions du père imaginaire, du père réel, de la filiation possible, suite à un viol extraconjugal.

Quel est cet enfant ? De qui est-il ? Quelles places pour le conjoint, l'enfant, le père ?

Quels liens avec le père et avec l'enfant ?

11:00am - 12:00pmS-09: Symposium: Recognizing Cultural Realities Through Client Factors

Recognizing Cultural Realities Through Client Factors

Chair(s): Audeya Fuller (Family court, Department of Justice)

This symposium will explore and analyze trends related to therapeutic and assessment dynamics (both client and therapeutic factors) of the Jamaican populace based on a sample of 959 clients seen between 2012 to 2017, involved in both therapy and assessments from a private practice setting.


Presentations of the Symposium


Therapeutic realities: Who, what, why?

Djavila Ho, Kai A.D. Morgan, Tiffany Palmer
Jamaican Psychological Society

Little has been done to explore the clinical factors of clients seen in private practice in the Caribbean. Demographic features, length of psychotherapy, cancellations, and diagnostic characteristics of 523 clients (children and adults) seen in a private practice in Kingston, Jamaica between 2012 and 2017 are examined and described.


Assessment realities

Tiffany Palmer1, Kai A.D. Morgan2, Djavila Ho3
1Jamaican Psychological Society, 2Jamaiacan Psychological Society, 3Jamaica Psychological Society

This presentation seeks to explore assessment referral sources, types and diagnoses at a private practice in Jamaica between 2012 and 2017. The majority of the 436 assessment clients during this period were psychiatrist-referred, with 41 percent of assessments being psychoeducational. Demographic characteristics, such as gender and age, are also described.


Assessment: Cultural realities

Kai A.D Morgan, Djavila Ho, Tiffany Palmer
Jamaican Psychological Society

This presentation will focus on the cultural realities of the assessment process in Jamaica. The barriers and issues as identified from private practice, local hospital and clinic experiences in Jamaica are highlighted and the advantages and disadvantages of the practice of assessment for various cultural groupings are also discussed.

11:00am - 12:00pmS-10: Roundtable: Culturally Competent Assessment
Port Antonio 

Culturally Competent Assessment Roundtable

Polli Hagenaars1, Mia Amour Jules2

1Private Practice, The Netherlands; 2University of the West Indies--Cave Hill

This workshop addresses the use of standardized tests, developed outside the Caribbean, and addresses appropriate, ethicall, and competent use with culturally diverse clients; Whether and how psychologists practicing in the Caribbean should modify the content/administration protocols of such tests; and diagnostic considerations with culturally diverse clients.

12:00pm - 1:30pmLunch
Talk of the Town 
1:30pm - 2:45pmS-11: Plenary: Caribbean Health and Wellbeing
Session Chair: Karen Anne Carpenter, Caribbean Sexuality Research Group (CSRG), Jamaica
Montego Bay 

Challenging psychological immaturity in the Anglophone Caribbean

Frederick Hickling

University of the West Indies, Emeritus

African Caribbean’s post slavery struggle from the traumatic syncretism of African and British cultures, roots the history of immaturity of psychology in this region. The development of psychotherapeutics to meet the needs of Caribbean people and syncretism with psychiatry and sociology is sine qua non to meet the prevailing challenges.

Building Capacity: Dissemination-Implementation Science, Community Partnerships and Integrative Behavior Health

Francine Conway

Rutgers University, United States of America

This presentation explores approaches to building capacity for mental health service delivery in the Caribbean. The session focuses on theoretical concepts and cultural applications of dissemination and implementation science; community partnership models; and an integrative-behavioral health care framework for training and mental health service delivery.

2:45pm - 3:00pmAfternoon Break
Prefunction Area 
2:45pm - 4:00pmS-12: Poster Session
Prefunction Area 

Bullying In Nursing: A Bahamian Perspective

Richard Bernard Adderley, Jamal Trent Bingham, Natera Sturrup, KyShaun Miller, Narissa Saunders Butler, Michaela Conliffe

University of The Bahamas, Bahamas, The

Bullying in the workplace is a recognized problem internationally, and the nursing field has been long considered a high risk profession for such behavior. The aim of this study is to better understand how the Bahamian nursing environment influences workplace bullying.

Peer And Parental Influences On Bahamian Adolescent Marijuana Usage

Sunshine Forbes

University of The Bahamas, Bahamas, The

This study sought to explore the relationship between parent and peer relationships and marijuana usage. These data will be analyzed using regression analysis with the goal of identifying which of the variables are the stronger predictors. Early correlational analyses show significant relationships between parental warmth and monitoring and marijuana usage.

The Undergraduate Psychology Degree Program: Challenges For Males

Richard Bernard Adderley, Kirkland McIntosh, Marlon Miller, Jamal Trent Bingham, KyShaun Miller

University of The Bahamas, Bahamas, The

The study identified issues facing young Bahamian males studying undergraduate psychology. A focus group comprised of upper level male students provided data. Themes relating to academic experiences, social networking, life outside the classroom, campus culture, family support, mentorship opportunities, psychology program and the male psychologist stereotype were discussed.

Colorism in The Bahamas

Jyrquel Pinder, Paige Rolle, Sicily Stubbs

University of The Bahamas, Bahamas, The

The social perceptions regarding skin tone in Bahamian context for light, medium and dark skin tones were investigated to explore stereotypical assumptions, personal ideologies, discriminatory factors and advantages influenced by skin color. Sample of 24 University of The Bahamas students from both New Providence and the Family Islands were surveyed.

From Failure To Flourishing- Fostering Childhood Well-being And Resilience

Amber Renea Martinez

Chicago School of Professional Psychology, United States of America

Why do early childhood experiences matter?

*Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACES) strongly linked to future physical and mental health (addictions to cancers)

*Prevention of significant problems begins in early childhood

I will discuss:

*How to foster well-being and resilience

*How culture impacts resiliency

*What does resilience look like in Caribbean context

Positive Youth Development: A Pathway To Sustaining Peace In Tanzania

Laura Johnson1, Grace Kibanja2, Christopher Drescher1,3, Enoch Sackey1, Marsh Rachel1, Michael Malindi4

1University of Mississippi, United States of America; 2Makerere University; 3University of Augusta; 4Mzumbe University

Tanzania faces threats such as resource inequities, looming environmental and economic concerns, and the youth bulge. In this study, we explored peace attitudes and internal and external developmental assets among Tanzanian youth (N=1400) with surveys and an open item, “What is the best way to achieve peace?”

Gender Differences in Driver Yielding Behaviour at School Crossings

Kenneth Frazier, Rashanda McHardy, Brenika Scott

University of The Bahamas, Bahamas, The

This naturalistic field study investigates gender differences in the yielding behaviour of drivers to pedestrians at school crossings. This study completed over a two week period assessed driver yielding behaviour at peak and off-peak traffic flow. Implications for public education, and road safety for drivers and pedestrians are discussed.

Global Mental Health-What Is International Psychology

Amber Renea Martinez Smith, Lucy Turek Damato

Chicago School of Professional Psychology, United States of America

Most research originates in the United States and focuses on Western cultural beliefs which fails to recognize the global diversity and unique challenges each region has. International Psychology emphasizes the role culture plays on the mental health of the individual and community. How is mental health seen in the Caribbean?

El Efecto de los Pulsos Binaurales Sobre los Procesos Psicológicos

Graham Pluck1, Marco Antonio Lopez2

1Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Ecuador; 2Escuela Superior Politécnica de Chimborazo, Ecuador

Los pulsos binaurales son un fenómeno acústico que puede influir potencialmente el funcionamiento neurológico. Se examinó el efecto del pulsos binaurales sobre varias tareas de fluidez cognitiva y en estados emocionales. No detectamos cambios en los resultados de fluidez. Sin embargo, encontramos un cambio significativo de inducción de "miedo".

Gender Differences in Driver Yielding Behaviour at Traffic Light Intersections

Trent Bingham, Charcini Pandy, Keithera Rolle

University of The Bahamas, Bahamas, The

This naturalistic field study investigates the yielding behaviour of drivers to pedestrians at stop lights or traffic controlled intersections. This study assessed driver yielding behaviour at peak and off-peak traffic flow times. Findings and implications are discussed under the rubric of public education, and road safety for drivers and pedestrians.

3:00pm - 4:00pmS-13: Invited Panel Amuleru-Marshall, Davis, Hamilton
Session Chair: Nicora Shekera Stubbs-Young, Ministry of Education, The Bahamas, Bahamas, The

Programmes Addressing Gender-based Violence in the Caribbean: Do They Work?

Zuri Amuleru-Marshall

St. George's University, Grenada

Responding to the urgent need to address gender-based violence in the Caribbean, a number of programmes have been developed. Rigorous evaluations have been conducted for two such programmes in Grenada – a programme for offenders, and a programme for victims. The evaluation results will stimulate discussion and interest in future research.

Persisting In The Face Of Poverty

Rosie Phillips Davis

American Psychological Association, United States of America

Persisting in the Face of Poverty

“…something must be done now to eradicate poverty in Ayiti” say Gustemable and Nicolas (2081).

Poverty is detrimental to the health of individuals and nations. The presentation will focus on poverty and a description of the proposed American Psychological Association President-Elect’s initiative on poverty.

Small Community, Large Impact

Dara Hamilton

University of the Virgin Islands

A case study of history, trauma and violence in the Caribbean with a focus on recovery. This presentation will explore Caribbean legacies and the impact of intergenerational and intracommunity violence on small spaces. It will explore the role of community psychology in helping to heal and integrate fractured Caribbean communities.

3:00pm - 4:00pmS-14: Papers: Criminal Justice System
Session Chair: Grace Adebisi Fayombo, The Universityof the West Indies, Barbados, Barbados

Profiling repeat offenders: Predictors of recidivism in Trinidad and Tobago

Katija Khan1, Vanroy Paul2

1University of the West Indies, Trinidad and Tobago; 2University of the West Indies, Trinidad and Tobago

Recidivism poses a great threat to effective criminal justice systems in the Caribbean. This study uses LS/CMI (Level of Service/Case Management Inventory) database records to identify significant psychological predictors of recidivism for prevalent crimes in Trinidad and Tobago and discusses implications of findings for culturally feasible interventions to target reduction.

Dispositional Predictors Of Job Satisfaction Among Police Officers In Trinidad



This study examined the roles of psychological well-being, locus of control and personality on job satisfaction of 337 officers of the Trinidad and Tobago Police Service. Internal locus of control, extraversion and psychological well-being were significant predictors of job satisfaction. Implications for recruitment and selection are discussed.

Intersecting Violence, Sleep and Psychopathology: Presenting an Integrative Treatment Model

Priya Maharaj1,2, Nicola Barclay2

1Gulf View Medical Centre, Trinidad and Tobago; 2University of Oxford, UK

Interpersonal violence in the Caribbean is pervasive and problematic. This presentation explores the associations between violence, sleep and mental health by intersecting the disciplines of sleep science and psychology and proposes a novel group psychotherapeutic treatment model to address interconnected symptomatology appropriate for use in the public health setting.

3:00pm - 4:00pmS-15: Papers: Identity, Personality, Treatment
Session Chair: Christine Descartes, The University of th West Indies, St. Augustine Campus, Trinidad and Tobago

Nobody Told Us! Trinidad & Tobago 1970 Black Power Revolution

Keisha V. Thompson

Kingsborough Community College, City University of New York, United States of America

This paper is based on the reflexive journal of the author while conducting qualitative research on the 1970 Black Power Revolution in Trinidad & Tobago. This paper seeks to serve as a guide for those returning to their home countries and embarking on similar research.

Black Racial Ideologies: Finding Clarity In The "Ism-Schism Game”

Allison Nicole Bair1, Jennifer Steele2, Frederick Hickling3

1York University/Seneca College, Canada; 2York University; 3University of the West Indies at Mona

In this study, Black-Canadian’s beliefs about dealing with issues of race (Black racial ideologies) were associated with race-related predictors of Black well-being. Although the racial ideology scale was not reliable in Jamaica, compelling findings support the development of a racial ideology scale appropriate for use in the Caribbean.

The Intersection of Race and Beauty in Urban Jamaica

Claudia Barned

University of Guelph, Canada

For Caribbean nationals, beauty tends to be intricately linked to race and racial identity.This study hears the experiences and perspectives of 41 Jamaican women. I show how notions of beauty intersect with socially constructed categories of race and discuss the intersections of gender, race, and class.

Parent Adolescent Communication and Risk Behaviors: Diasporic Cultural Differences

Chynere Best, Debra D. Roberts

Howard University, United States of America

The study examined the impact of parent-adolescent communication (PAC) about risk behaviors on student engagement in risk behaviors in first year college students of African American, Caribbean and Continental African parents. Results indicated cultural differences in substance use but no differences in PAC or its influence on student risk behaviors.

3:00pm - 4:00pmS-16: Papers: Immigration and Migration
Session Chair: Marcia Elizabeth Sutherland, University at Albany, United States of America
Rio Bueno 

Chinese Jamaican Immigrant Experience in The U.S. and Identity Construction

Kimberly Sabrina Ho Misiaszek

University of Miami, United States of America

To build on the large body of immigrant research, this study, using a grounded theory approach, aims to understand Chinese Jamaicans' experiences as immigrants in the U.S. and understand how they construct their identity in the U.S.

The Pull Of Home: Lived Experiences Of Remigration

Lystra Huggins

Medgar Evers College, CUNY, United States of America

This paper highlights the lived experiences of five successful immigrants who returned home. As the stories unfold, the enduing, indelible drive of these immigrants can be gleaned from their lived experiences and return migration is seen as a pull from one’s homeland.

Living in Limbo: Psychological Impact of Biculturalism on Bahamian-American Women

Deondra Le'Shaun Smith

Breakthrough Therapeutic Concepts, LCC., United States of America

Have you ever felt torn between "two worlds," or felt like you did not belong?" This experience may be true for bicultural individuals. Research shows that bicultural identification can yield both negative or positive social, academic and psychological effects. This study explored possible psychological effects of a Bahamian-American, bicultural identity.

3:00pm - 4:00pmS-17: Roundtable: Practical Strategies for Developing and Sustaining Multicultural Counselling Competence

Practical Strategies for Developing and Sustaining Multicultural Counselling Competence

Chair(s): Wendy Greenidge (Lamar University, USA/St. Lucia), Dilani Perera-Diltz (University of Houston - Clear Lake)

Presenter(s): Wendy Greenidge (Lamar University, USA/St. Lucia), Dilani Perera-Diltz (University of Houston - Clear Lake)

There is sometimes a disconnect between multicultural counselling knowledge and practice. This session will highlight the use of mindfulness techniques to assist with increasing culturally affluent engagement. Participants will engage in reflective practices that promote cultural humility, increased self-awareness and a more accurate evaluation of strengths and limitations.

3:00pm - 4:00pmS-18: Roundtable: Responding to Ethical Dilemmas in Psychotherapy in the Caribbean

Responding to Ethical Dilemmas in Psychotherapy in the Caribbean

Chair(s): Winston Seegobin (George Fox University, USA)

Presenter(s): Winston Seegobin (George Fox University, USA), Karen Seegobin (Yamhill County Family and Youth Programs, USA)

This round table discussion examines ethical dilemmas that can arise when applying ethical codes to clinical work with people from multicultural backgrounds in the Caribbean. Case examples of multiple relationships, informed consent, self-disclosure, and worldview perspective illustrate these dilemmas. We propose resolutions to these dilemmas.

3:00pm - 4:00pmS-19: Workshop: Journal Article Publishing
Port Antonio 

Help me get Published! Writing for Peer Reviewed Journals

Abigail Gewirtz

University of Minnesota, United States of America

The aim of this short workshop is to offer key tips and tools for publishing articles in peer-reviewed psychology journals. We will review tools for deciding whether your paper is ready for submission, what journals might be appropriate venues for your article, and navigating the peer review process.

3:00pm - 5:00pmS-20: Students' Roundtables

Student’s Roundtable Discussion: Psychology Issues in the Caribbean

Chair(s): Maxie Moreman (University of Miami), Esprene Liddell-Quinten (CRECER)

Presenter(s): Natacha Janac (tbd), Monique McKenny (tbd), Malaika Edwards (Liberty University), Elizabeth Farrah Louis (University of Georgia), Alicia Campbell (tbd), Claire Atkinson (tbd)

The student’s roundtable discussion is organized by the Early Scholars Committee (ESC) of CRCP. Four concurrent roundtable discussions will be facilitated around the following topics: LGBTQ concerns in the Caribbean, Colonialization/Post-traumatic slave syndrome, Mental Health Stigma/Taboo, and Caring for persons with Mental Health. Come join us in the discussion!

4:00pm - 5:00pmFree3: Free
4:00pm - 5:00pmS-21: Invited Panel: Gewirtz, Jacobs, LeBlanc
Session Chair: Joan Morine Latty, Northern Caribbean University, Jamaica

Improving Resilience in Families following Disasters by Strengthening Parenting

Abigail Gewirtz

University of Minnesota, United States of America

Parents are their children's most important teachers, and effective parenting is associated with children's resilience in the wake of traumatic events. This presentation reviews a program of research focused on modifying and rigorously evaluating a theory-based parent training model for families affected by traumatic stressors including natural and manmade disasters.

Responding To The Unique Psychological Support Needs Of Individual Communities

Gerard A. Jacobs

Disaster Mental Health Institute, United States of America

In international settings, organizations often try to use the same model for very different cultures. The Community-Based model of Psychological First Aid (CBPFA) adapts the model to the unique features of indidividual communities. This approach ensures cultural appropriateness, as well as an increased sense of ownership by the target communities.

Healing During Chaos: A Behavioral Health Approach to Disaster Medicine

Jeanne Marie Leblanc1,2,3

1Independent Practice, Canada; 2Canadian Medical Assistance Teams; 3British Columbia Disaster Psychosocial Services

Potential situational challenges faced by mental health professionals working alongside medical providers during disaster will be reviewed. Topics include common psychological responses seen in a disaster medical care setting, detailing a practical model of holistic disaster medical care,iIncreasing awareness of signs of provider burnout/compassion fatigue, and basic approaches to self-care.

4:00pm - 5:00pmS-22: Papers: Assessment, Intervention
Session Chair: Ishtar Govia, The University of the West Indies, Jamaica
Rio Bueno 

Culturally and Conceptually Valid Assessment of Caribbean Children and Adults

Michael Lambert1, Maureen Samms-Vaughan2

1University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; 2University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica WI

Psychologists assessing/studying Caribbean people are charged with using reliable and valid tools. Yet, a dearth of Caribbean specific psychometrically sound measures exists. This presentation highlights cultural and conceptual validity of multidimensional CSC and BEACH measures that permit unbiased, repeated, and comparable scores of behavioral and emotional functioning across the lifespan.

Mapping Pathways to Psychoeducational Assessment in Barbados: An Exploratory Analysis

Donna-Maria Maynard, Mia Amour Jules

The University of the West Indies, Barbados

Pathways to psychoeducational assessment in Barbados are explored. A qualitative descriptive methodology was employed via desk reviews of regulations, policy documents, open-ended questionnaires and interviews with government representatives. It was found that psychoeducational assessments were conducted by registered psychologists and that there is a need for public education regarding access.

Efficacy of Mindfulness-Based Interventions in Children and Adolescents with ADHD

Friedrich Linderkamp

University of Wuppertal, Germany

This meta-analytic study evaluates the efficacy of mindfulness-based interventions in children and adolescents with ADHD. On various data bases a systematic search of evaluation studies from 2008-2017 was conducted. Primarily the included studies stated significant effects of MBI´s; overall high effect size scores can be stated. Therapeutic implications are discussed.

Adapting Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing Psychotherapy for Caribbean clients

Winston Seegobin1, Karen Seegobin2

1George Fox University, USA; 2Yamhill County Family and Youth Programs, USA

Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) psychotherapy is an effective treatment for clients who have experienced trauma. It has proven to bring about significant therapeutic changes in relatively few sessions. This presentation will describe how EMDR can be adapted for use with children and adults from the Caribbean.

4:00pm - 5:00pmS-23: Papers: Community, Mental Health
Session Chair: G Rita Dudley-Grant, VI Behavioral Services, Virgin Islands, U.S.

Pathways to Promoting Psychological Care to Older Adults.

Win Alston

CSI, United States of America

The process of aging is inevitable, and many older adults are able to move through this life-span development quite admirably. There are others, however, who endure a more traumatic passage needing care. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to identify, and recommend pathways promoting psychological wellness for older adults.

Supporting Community Research in Jamaica: Perspectives from Researchers

Dominique A. Lyew

Vanderbilt University, United States of America

Community research (CR) methods are valuable for Caribbean epistemologies and empowering local communities. Using theories of epistemic justice and critical methods, I present a content analysis of interviews with researchers who have done CR in different fields, including Psychology. I present the barriers and facilitators to CR in Jamaica.

Attitudes Towards Mental Illness Among Frontline Hospital Staff: Preliminary Findings

Christine Descartes1, Priya Maharaj2

1The University of th West Indies, St. Augustine Campus, Trinidad and Tobago; 2Mental Health Department, Gulf View Medical Centre, San Fernando, Trinidad

Mental ill-health is a global health pandemic. This study used a pre-post intervention design and examined the attitudes to mental health of frontline staff at a private hospital in Trinidad using the Attitudes to Mental Illness Questionnaire (AMIQ). Preliminary analyses revealed that post-intervention AMIQ scores were substantially lower than pre-intervention

4:00pm - 5:00pmS-24: Roundtable: Apprenticeship

Les troubles d'apprentissage en Guyane Française

Chair(s): Fauve Houmounou Zythat (Institut des troubles d'apprentissage du Québec- Neuropsychologue formatrice Guyane française, Canada)

Presenter(s): Fauve Houmounou Zythat (Institut des troubles d'apprentissage du Québec- Neuropsychologue formatrice Guyane française, Canada), Shelby Garret (Association De Guyane, French Guyana)

Must re-enter only 50 words

4:00pm - 5:00pmS-25: Roundtable: Autism Services

Establishing and Providing Autism Services throughout the Caribbean

Chair(s): Lindsy Wagner (Island Therapy Solutions, USVI)

Presenter(s): Lindsy Wagner (Island Therapy Solutions, USVI), Adriane Maier (Island Therapy Solutions, USVI), Lori Jeffers (Island Therapy Solutions, USVI), Courtney Mills (Strategic Transition Enrichment Program, USVI), Andrea Purdome (Island Therapy Solutions, USVI)

This round table will present nuances of program development, barriers to services, community awareness, stigma, education and positive approaches to providing evidenced based treatment programs for adults and children with Autism in the Caribbean. Included will be experiences with setting up Autism Services and approaches to maintaining cultural sensitivity.

4:00pm - 5:00pmS-26: Roundtable: Counseling LGBT

Affirming Counseling Practices for Gay West Indian Clients

Chair(s): Alfonso Ferguson (Montclair State University, USA)

Presenter(s): Alfonso Ferguson (Montclair State University, USA), Leanice Smith (Montclair State University)

This roundtable will discuss barriers gay West Indians experience in the region and in the diaspora, implications for best practices, and vital tools for providing culturally competent and LGBTQ-affirming counseling. The discussion will explore current research and the gaps found in the literature that continue to oppress this multi-marginalized community.

4:00pm - 5:00pmS-27: Symposium: Gender in the Caribbean

Psychological and Sociological Perspectives on Gender in the Caribbean

Chair(s): Tracy A. McFarlane (The University of the West Indies, Mona)

Discussant(s): Ian Boxill (The University of the West Indies, Mona)

Do history and regionally shared experiences bind all Caribbean men and women, distinguishing them from men and women of other geographical, cultural and historical backgrounds? In this multidisciplinary panel, psychological and sociological frames of gender will be presented and the implications of psychosocial explorations of gender for Caribbean experience discussed.


Presentations of the Symposium


Jamaican Masculinity and Implications for Psychological and Physical Well-Being

Akissi Hibbert
The University of the West Indies, Mona

The quest of balancing one’s perceptions and attempting to meet the dicta of locally defined masculinity affects the coping mechanisms of males in Jamaica. Data will be presented from a qualitative cross-sectional study of the psychological and physical effects of Jamaican males efforts to conform to the gender ideal.


Dynamics of Gender and Development

Ian Boxill1, Deborah Fletcher2
1The University of the West INdies, Mona, 2Centre for Tourism and Policy Research

A barrier to human development in the twenty-first century is gender inequality. In Jamaica males and females occupy varying gender roles resulting in their concentration in different work areas. This role differentiation can be explained by patriarchal ideologies. From this survey-based study recommendations are made to promote gender parity within the Jamaican labour market.


Psychology of Gender: Caribbean Issues and Perspectives

Tracy A. McFarlane
The University of the West Indies, Mona

Meanings and values of gender shift across and within Caribbean cultures to shape lives in these countries. Caribbean contexts and identities determine what these meanings and values are, and direct ways of living that navigate societal assignations of gender roles. This author argues for the psychological study of gender-related phenomena.

5:30pm - 7:00pmEarly Scholars Com.: Student Social Hour
Legacy Terrace 
6:00pm - 8:00pmPublic: Community Event
Session Chair: Avril Zenith Daley, CACS, Jamaica

Panel Discussion

  • Jamaica Association for the Deaf
  • Jamaica Association for Intellectual Disabilities
  • Society for the Blind
  • School for the   Blind and Visually Impaired) 
Date: Thursday, 15/Nov/2018
8:15am - 9:45amS-28: Plenary: Education and Training
Session Chair: Tracy A. McFarlane, The University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica
Montego Bay 

Psychology Education and Training in the Caribbean: A Few Ideas

Frank Worrell

University of California, Berkeley, United States of America

In this presentation, Dr. Worrell will provide suggestions for education and training in psychology in the Caribbean region from the undergraduate degree to the doctoral degree. He will distinguish among different types of graduate training and showcase a training project in Trinidad and Tobago as an exemplar.

Harmonizing Education & Training Standards in the Caribbean Region

Milagros Mendez

to be added

to be added

9:45am - 10:45amS-29: Invited Panel: Maras, Domersant
Session Chair: Guillermo Bernal, CANPA - Caribbean Alliance of National Psychological Associations, Puerto Rico (U.S.)

The Vision And Mission of IUPSyS In Supporting Regional Colleagues

Pam Maras

International Union Of Psychological Science (IUPsyS)

Psychology is relevant to social, political and environmental situations across the world. In this paper I will discuss the International Union for Psychological Science’s commitment to support our members through regional cooperation and activity as the global body for psychology,

Pont Incontournable Pour Une Prise En Charge Efficace En Haïti


Ministry of Public Health and Population, Haiti.

The characteristics of Haiti's environment present challenges to effective management of mental disorders.

The author proposes, based on a certain number of observations, to identify the interface elements essential to the achievement of such an objective and to make recommendations with a view to achieving better results.

9:45am - 10:45amS-30: Invited Roundtable: Pediatric Care

Addressing Parental Mental Health Needs in Pediatric Primary Care

Dominique Charlot-Swilley, Stacy Y. Hodgkinson

Children's National Health System, United States of America

Infants and toddlers early experiences in relationships makes important developmental deposits and sets the stage for brain development and future functioning. This roundtable will discuss the importance of addressing parental mental health in pediatric primary care, parental mental health screening, and the importance of trauma informed practice.


9:45am - 10:45amS-31: Papers: Media, Identity, Mental Health
Session Chair: Zuri Amuleru-Marshall, St. George's University, Grenada

Media's Influence On The Sexual Self-Esteem Of Gay Male Youths

Derniel Marcio O'Connor

University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica

The Media is considered to be an influential macro institution within society and may affect the psychosocial development of youths within the Caribbean. This paper investigated how gay male Jamaican youth perceive the role of the Media in the development of their sexual self-esteem.

The Sexual Citizen: Advancing Clinical Sexology To Meet Regional Needs

Karen Anne Carpenter

Caribbean Sexuality Research Group (CSRG), Jamaica

This paper examines the polemics of sexual citizens within the English, French, Spanish and Dutch Caribbean and the vision for their rights. It examines the advances and issues to be addressed, if we are to treat with our citizens as more than a disembodied set of maladaptive impulses and genitals.

Cross-cultural Caribbean opinions on suicide

Katija Khan1, Angie Bailey2

1University of the West Indies, Trinidad and Tobago; 2University of the West Indies, St Augustine, Barbados

Suicide rates across the English speaking Caribbean vary drastically but little is known about public perception. Scores on the Suicide Opinion Questionnaire from Trinidad and Tobago and Barbados will be compared to identify cross-cultural and demographic predictors of opinions on suicide and identify gaps for psycho-educational and psychological interventions.

Socio-cultural identity and faith: Culturally-relevant implications for Caribbean Canadian immigrants

Dalon Taylor1, Sandra Dixon2

1York University, Canada; 2University of Lethbridge , Canada

Faith is significant in socio-cultural identity development among English-speaking Caribbean Canadian immigrants. Findings from two doctoral research studies that used heuristic inquiry and Critical Race Theory (CRT) methodologies respectively, reveal strong correlation between faith, socio-cultural identity development and health and well-being. Analysis provides important culturally-relevant implications for healthcare professionals.

9:45am - 10:45amS-32: Papers: Disaster Response
Session Chair: Tracey King, Sandilands Rehabilitation Centre, Bahamas, The

Posttraumatic Growth among Survivors of the 2010 Earthquake in Haiti

Jean-Kesnold Mesidor1, Kaye Sly2

1Florida State University, USA; 2Jackson State University, USA

Study examined the relationships between coping strategies, perceived social support, resilience, PTSD symptoms, and Posttraumatic growth (PTG) among survivors of the 2010 earthquake in Haiti. The strongest predictor of PTG was positive religious coping, then active coping, perceived social support, resilience, PTSD symptoms, and negative religious coping. Implications are discussed.

Leveraging Existing Modes of Healing in Disaster Mental Health Response

Gilberte Bastien

Morehouse School of Medicine, United States of America

Disasters create new or exacerbate existing mental health issues. Attending to religious/spiritual variables may illuminate optimal pathways for addressing psychosocial distress resulting from disasters in resource-constrained and chronically disaster exposed settings. Using a mixed-methods approach, we examined the role of religion/spirituality in recovery of disaster survivors in Haiti and Liberia.

My Resilience Building Journey After 2Cat5 Hurricanes Within Two Weeks

Marilyn Braithwaite-Hall

University of the Virgin Islands, Virgin Islands, U.S.

The Virgin Islands experienced 2 Category 5 hurricances within two weeks in September 2017. I experienced both on the campus of the University of the Virgin Islands, where my husband is the President.Through pictures, reflections and insights, I will share my journey of resilience building and intentional focus on Wellness.

9:45am - 10:45amS-33: Papers: Mental Health, Identity
Session Chair: Sheena Myong Walker, University of the Virgin Islands, United States of America
Rio Bueno 

Psychological Distress Following Entry To a Drug Treatment Facility

Wendy Fernander

Sandilands Rehabilitation Centre, Bahamas, The

The differences between pretest and posttest psychological distress in patients admitted to the substance abuse program was examined. The study included data pulled from the most recent backward until the sample size requirement of 237 was met with sufficient representation in gender and race.

Psychistry: Writing The Local Psychology Narrative

Stephanie Patricia Hutcheson, Ava D. Thompson

University of The Bahamas, Bahamas, The

There is now a movement allowing for a more inclusive telling of the diverse, evolution of local psychology histories which impacts the larger narrative. For this paper we coin the term Psychistry: crafting the local narrative of psychology. This paper advances a model of how to capture the local Psychistry.

Jamaican Psychologists Speak their Minds: Exploring History, Identity and Practice

Makesha Tamaala Evans, Dave Anthony Spence

International University of the Caribbean, Jamaica

This research examines Psychology in Jamaica from the perspectives of Jamaican psychologists, specifically, their views on the developments in the field, how they impact their professional identity and practice, and their characterizations of a “Jamaican psychology”. The results provide a framework for defining the field, including strengths, weaknesses, and recommendations.

9:45am - 10:45amS-34: Papers: Youth, Community
Session Chair: Dara Hamilton, The Lotus Center for Well Being, Virgin Islands, U.S.
Port Antonio 

JUS Media? Programme: Media literacy for remotely acculturating Jamaican families

Candice Wray2, Gail M. Ferguson1, Julie M. Meeks Gardner2, Jodi Sutherland2, Cagla Giray1, Rachel Powell3, Steve Tran1, Barbara H. Fiese1, Brenda Koester1, JUS Media? Programme Study Team1,2

1University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA; 2University of the West Indies Open Campus; 3Centers for Disease Control Foundation, USA

The “J(amaican)U(nited) S(tates) Media? Programme” is a healthy eating intervention for remotely acculturating families in Jamaica (i.e., Americanized). Through workshops and SMS/text messages, adolescents and mothers are taught critical thinking skills about unhealthy food advertising on U.S. cable. The efficacy of JUS Media? was demonstrated with families in Jamaica.

Resources for the Development of Youths' Civic Motivation

Nadia Jessop1, Roy McCree2

1University of Kansas, USA; 2University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad & Tobago

This mixed-methods study examined how cultural identity and experiential learning facilitate positive development among Trinidadian youth. We conducted a six-week youth empowerment intervention in a high crime urban neighborhood. Immediate effects of the intervention were favorable and bear positive implications for future extensions of community intervention programs for youth.

Solidarity and Promising Community Practices

Sonia Mills-Minster

Browne Psychology Professional Corporation, Canada

The overarching systems have collaborated in their efforts to utilize tests, tools, and resources that aid to confine our community to a path of destruction, founded in poor outcomes, and blatant structural and systemic anti-black racism. Our community needs to work together to address the issues that threaten us.

Father Absenteeism and the Relationship Adjustment and Self-esteem of Females

Shaye Ann Campbell-Mosquera, Venese Madden

Northern Caribbean University, Jamaica

This study will assess for differences in females’ self-esteem and relationship adjustment as a function of father absence or presence. A sample comprising 350 females (aged 18 and older) will be purposively drawn from Central Jamaica. Multivariate analysis of variance will be utilized to assess differences.

10:45am - 11:00amMorning Break
Prefunction Area 
10:45am - 12:00pmS-37: Poster Session
Prefunction Area 

Background Music, Free Recall, and the Serial Position Effect

Timaria Bain, Rolanda Davis, Christopher Griffin

University of The Bahamas, Bahamas, The

The purpose of this study was to investigate the presence of the serial position effect during free recall and the impact of high arousal music on free recall. The importance of this study is that these effects on memory recall can be applied to students and their study habits.

Community-Based Psychological First Aid (CBPFA) For The Caribbean Region

Gerard A. Jacobs1, Sean Stephens2, Ishtar Govia3, Randal P Quevillon1, Sara Erickson1, Rathna Garigipati1

1Disaster Mental Health Institute, United States of America; 2Unknown, but coming; 3Caribbean Institute for Health Research, U. of West IndiesU

Presenters at the 2016 CRCP conference described a shared Caribbean identity and called for a “Caribbean Psychology,” and a psychological support strategy with the same core elements in every country, while adapting to individual strengths of each cultural group. CBPFA will be proposed as a model that meets these criteria.

Non-Erotic Touch and its Implications in the Counseling Profession

Win Alston

CSI, United States of America

The ability to touch another human being and to
be touched by another is a powerful phenomenon, considering that a touch
fulfills a physiological need. It is
know that for infants and babies to thrive, they need human contact, whether
that person is the mother or other care giver.

Invisible Disability: The Experience of a Visual Impairment Diagnosis

Stefanie D. Belnavis

Lesley University, USA

This duoethnographic study investigates the psychosocial, bodily-felt and lived experiences of two adult female dancers from Jamaica, diagnosed with a late partial visual impairment. Additionally, it explored how this inquiry might inform the researcher’s lived experience as a visually impaired Jamaican-born female dancer, and, as a dance movement therapist.

Perceived Causes of Mental Illness by Traditional Health Practitioners

Tholene Sodi, Phuti Makweya

University of Limpopo, South Africa

The aim of the present study was to explore the views of traditional health care practitioners in a rural South African community regarding the causes of mental illness. A number of factors were identified by traditional health care practitioners as the possible causes of mental illness.

Memory Systems and Academic Achievement: The Importance of Non-declarative Learning

Graham Pluck1, Patricia Bravo2

1Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Ecuador; 2Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo, Ecuador

Long-term memory can be divided into declarative and non-declarative systems. We studied 120 undergraduate participants and found that non-declarative learning ability was a better predictor of grade point average than declarative learning. Interestingly, the ability to learn non-declaratively while suppressing declarative learning was particularly important. Implications for education are discussed.

Art : The Language of Emotions in Therapy

Lesli-Ann Belnavis

Mustard Seed Communities - Jerusalem! Children's Home, Jamaica

Jamaican Art Therapist - Lesli-Ann Belnavis, ATR has garnered insight into the Jamaican mental health culture from working during the past nine years with different physical and neuro-developmental disabilities, bereavement support, and emotional/behavioural concerns in a variety of settings including schools, children's homes, community centres, prison and private practice.

11:00am - 12:00pmS-38: Invited Panel: Bhawuk, Mattis
Session Chair: Guerda Nicolas, University of Miami, United States of America

Colonization of the Mind: Loss of Indigenous Language and Culture

Dharm Prakash Sharma Bhawuk

University of Hawaii at Manoa, United States of America

The institutionalized imposition of the colonizer's language leads to defining native practices as problems. Indigenous wisdom is devalued in problem solving, thus destroying local creativity. The colonization of the mind is completed with loss of indigenous language and culture. Implications for indigenous and global psychology are discussed.

Toward a Critical Positive Psychology of the Caribbean

Jacqueline Mattis

University of Michigan, United States of America

Much of the work in positive psychology has been acontextual and grounded in the lived experience of a narrow and distinctly privileged swath of the human population. I explore a theoretical frame that serves as a launchpoint for a culturally, contextually grounded study of positive and prosocial outcomes among Caribbeans.

11:00am - 12:00pmS-40: Papers: Adolescent Perspectives
Session Chair: Jacqueline Baussan, Association Haitienne de Psychologie, Haiti
Port Antonio 

The State of the Eastern Caribbean Family: Adolescent Perspectives

Nicora Shekera Stubbs-Young

University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Barbados

The study examined adolescent (N=523) perceptions of family cohesion and family adaptability. Adolescents reported low family cohesion representing limited emotional bonding and high levels of autonomy. Perceptions of family adaptability suggest structured family systems. Overall, results point to problematic family units in the Eastern Caribbean according to structural family theory.

Adolescent parental bereavement in Caribbean societies - understanding grief and loss.

Margaret Yvonne Nakhid-Chatoor

University of Trinidad and Tobago (UTT), Trinidad and Tobago

Current grief theories are not relevant to Caribbean societies. The results of a study on adolescent parental bereavement in Trinidad and Tobago showed that grief is misunderstood by adults, influenced by post-colonial mentalities. Instead of embracing the Caribbean realities of the adolescent psyche, teenagers were penalized and their grief responses devalued.

Protective Factors for depression and anxiety in Pre-Secondary Caribbean Students

Mia Amour Jules1, Donna-Maria B Maynard1, Gillian Lowe2, Garth Lipps2

1The University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus, Barbados; 2The Unversity of the West Indies, Mona Campus Jamaica

In the Caribbean, failure to achieve a place at a prestigious school, can have detrimental psychological consequences for pre-secondary students. Hence, this predictive correlational research design sought to investigate the extent to which parental involvement, school engagement and engagement in extracurricular activities significantly predicted students’ level of depression and anxiety.

Jamaican Adolescents' Views On Violence In Intimate Adolescent Relationships

Gillian Erica Mason

University of the West Indies, Mona

Clear evidence exists that teen dating violence (TDV) occurs in the Caribbean but this reality has largely been ignored. Psychologists' response to this problem must include developing appropriate interventions which incorporate adolescents' understanding about TDV. To that end, this study presents findings from focus groups with high school Jamaican adolescents.

11:00am - 12:00pmS-41: Papers: Post-Trauma Wellness
Session Chair: Arlette M Wildman, St. George's University, Grenada

Integrated Approach to Student and Employee Wellness Post Hurricanes

Marilyn Braithwaite-Hall

University of the Virgin Islands, Virgin Islands, U.S.

The University of the Virgin Islands had destruction of 10 buildings on both campuses due to the 2 Category 5 hurricanes. The impact on the students, staff, faculty and leaders of the institution was significant. A conceptual framework of an integrated approach for wellness for students and employees was developed.

An Examination of Treatment Approaches for Populations Exposed Traumatic Events

Cheril Thompson, Orlean Brown Earle


The experience of trauma, especially by individuals who might have been exposed to multiple traumatic events can have far-reaching and long-term consequences for persons exposed and by extension, the larger society.

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Prevention for Students Evacuated following Maria.

Mc Millan U. Cuffy, Davendranand Sharma, Rhonda McIntyre

DOminica Psychological Society, Saint Kitts and Nevis


Title: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Prevention for Medical Students Evacuated from Dominica following Hurricane Maria.

D. Sharma, R. McIntyre, M. Cuffy,

Ross University School of Medicine

St. Kitts & Nevis

Objective: To assess the effectiveness of protective measures on the stress reactions of medical students evacuated from Dominica after Maria.

11:00am - 12:00pmS-42: Papers: Work & Workplace
Session Chair: Maja Inessa Heijmans-Goedschalk, CARE, Suriname

Depression - Workplace Productivity Impact : Jamaican Experience

Margarett Barnett1, Arlene Lawrence2, Sharon Jackson3

1Jamaica Theological Seminary, Jamaica; 2Jamaica Customs Agency; 3University of Technology

The World Health Organization predicts the rise of the global burden of depression to become the leading cause of disability by 2030. The study aims to address a gap in the literature in terms of baseline data for assessing the burden and impact of depression in the Jamaican workplace.

Work Characteristics, Work-Family Conflict and Well-Being in Jamaican Police Officers.

Kenisha Nelson

University of Technology, Jamaica

This paper investigated the relationship between work characteristics, work-family conflict and positive and negative mental health outcomes in Jamaican police officers. Findings suggest that work and non-work domains of police life are intricately intertwined and challenges in balancing the two can have adverse effects on police officers' well-being.

Jeunes et police à Montréal : comment diffuser quels savoirs?

Lourdes Stéphane Alix

Independant researcher, Canada

Cette proposition se veut un exemple d'intervention sensible aux réalités sociales des membres de la diaspora afrocaribéenne.

Psychology at Work: Unlocking the Secrets to Economic Success

Kara Tamara Lord

University of Guyana, Guyana

Organizational psychology holds the key to understanding people at work, various working environments and ways to improve standards of practices for productivity and success. This study seeks to highlight key principles which can be adopted for use in the Caribbean region to benefit development in human capita, businesses and organizations.

11:00am - 12:00pmS-43: Roundtable: Community Based Mental Health

Lessons Learned from Community Based Mental Health Trainings in Haiti

Chair(s): Gilberte Bastien (Morehouse School of Medicine)

Presenter(s): Elizabeth Farrah Louis (The University of Georgia)

The speakers’ own observations, interactions, and feedback from participants will highlight important considerations when conducting mental health training programs with community members. This presentation will inform similar trainings in the Caribbean that are promoting mental health in communities and validating people’s narratives.

11:00am - 12:00pmS-44: Roundtable: Social Justice

Psychologists on the Frontline of Social Justice

Chair(s): Kathleen Burlew (University of Cincinnati, United States of America), Anna Ghee (Xavier University)

Presenter(s): Kathleen Burlew (University of Cincinnati), Anna Ghee (Xavier University)

This roundtable will describe our community training sessions on trauma and social justice implemented for protestors after the unwarranted police shooting of an unarmed Black man. In addition to sharing our work, we propose to learn from Caribbean psychologists about alternative roles and activities for addressing social injustice.

11:00am - 12:00pmS-45: Symposium: Private Practice in the Caribbean

Private Practice in the Caribbean: Challenges and Opportunities

Chair(s): G Rita Dudley-Grant (VI Behavioral Services)

This symposium examines the challenges and opportunities of private practice in the English Speaking Caribbean. Practice design, set and execution are explored as are culturally relevant adaptations in practice. Presenters identify a variety of specific approaches, using evidence based treatment designs that have been found effective with multiple cultural groups.


Presentations of the Symposium


Caribbean Private Practice, Ethical Treatment and Cultural Adaptations

Ava Thompson1, Dara Hamilton2
1University of the Bahamas, 2University of the Virgin Islands

This presentation is designed to examine the challenges and nuances particular to practice in the Caribbean,including practice design, set up and execution, and culturally relevant adaptation. The question of what is ethical treatment as well as the identify of psychology in the Caribbean underlies this discussion.


Psychotherapy in the Caribbean: Children and Adolescents

Sophia J. Parrilla
Island Therapy Solutions

The practice of counseling and psychotherapy in the Caribbean is shifting in focus. Clinicians are continuously increasing their repertoire of skill sets. The focus of this presentation will be on individual, group, and family work in a private practice setting, grounded in relevant CRCP conference presentations and published research.


Brief Couples Therapy in the Caribbean

Wayne Etheridge
Island Therapy Solutions

This presentation will discuss brief couples therapy which focuses on strengthening the bonds and communication styles of the two individuals. Its Caribbean cultural consonannce and efficacy as solution focused and time limited will be discussed. Other benefits to improve compliance contributing to greater incidence of successful outcomes will be considered.


Integrating Private Practice with Public Service

G Rita Dudley-Grant
VI Behavioral Services

This presentation will focus on the challenges inherent in work life balance, maintanence of confidentiality in multiple settings in small communities, as well as issues around the “business of practice”. Special attention is given to establishing practice in small Caribbean communities

12:00pm - 1:30pmLunch
Talk of the Town 
1:30pm - 2:45pmS-46: Plenary: Multiculturalism and Multilingualism
Session Chair: Pearnel Syvline Bell, Northeast Regional Health Authority, Jamaica
Montego Bay 

Re-Un-thinking Multiculturalism

Guillermo Bernal

CANPA - Carbbean Alliance of National Psychological Associations

The concept of multiculturalism (MC) viewed from several perspectives. First, a review of definitions on multiculturalism (sociological, political, philosophical, and psychological). The notion of multiculturalism within the body of the psychological knowledge, followed by a discussion of multiculturalism in the Caribbean vis-a-vis the challenges of colonialism, slavery, languages, and geography.

Violence Postmoderne et Problématique du Discours Colonial dans la Caraïbe

Victor LINA

Association des Psychologues de la Martinique, Ecole régionale ALI-Antilles

La notion du nouveau monde succède à une méprise quand Colomb croyant avoir atteint l’Asie arrive aux Antilles.

Cet évènement peut aussi recéler les signes avant-coureurs de la post-modernité qui s’illustre sous les traits d’une nouvelle économie psychique.

Sur ce fil la violence en Martinique sera pris comme objet d'étude.

2:45pm - 3:00pmAfternoon Break
Prefunction Area 
3:00pm - 4:00pmS-47: Invited Panel: Fayombo, Jules, LaFortune
Session Chair: Makesha Tamaala Evans, International University of the Caribbean, Jamaica

Developing Into Socially Active Being: Caribbean Adolescents’ Relationships And Concerns

Grace Adebisi Fayombo

The University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus, Barbados

Gaps exist in our understanding of the changes and dilemmas experienced by the adolescents during transition from the miniature social being into the socially acceptable being. This paper examines the psychosocial variables influencing the Caribbean adolescents’ social development and their concerns; the psychological implications of the findings will be discussed.

Haitian students who immigrated to Quebec after the earthquake

Gina Lafortune

Université du Québec à Montréal, Canada

More than 10,000 Haitian immigrants settled in Quebec two years after the earthquake that occurred in Haiti in 2010. Many of these immigrants have entered elementary and secondary school. We discuss some of the challenges that these students encounter years later, related to both the acculturation process and post-traumatic stress.

Susceptibility to online peer influence model: Applications for health-risk prevention

Mia Amour Jules

The University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus, Barbados

The Susceptibility to Online Peer Influence Model outlines how youth developmental needs and online environments interact to contribute to self-destructive behaviours. Theoretical principles of the model are discussed to support the argument for the utilization of social media platforms for the development of health-risk prevention strategies for Caribbean youth.

3:00pm - 4:00pmS-48: Invited Panel: Franklin, Rowe, Sutherland
Session Chair: Lester Orville Shields, University of the West Indies, Jamaica

Coalition Building For Collective Impact Upon Caribbean Health And Wellness

Anderson J. Franklin

Boston College, United States of America

The Caribbean is a multicultural and multilingual region with considerable areas of diversity but common concerns for health and wellness of the population. This presentation promotes the importance of coalition building as a means for confronting the health and wellness disparities both in the region and within Caribbean countries.

African-Centered Psychology: Restoring Human Agency to the Caribbean Community

Daryl Rowe

Association of Black Psychologists, United States of America

The dehumanization of Black/African people, in Africa, the Americas and the Caribbean is tied to the distortion and denial of African peoples’ humanity. The goal of the presentation is to discuss the effects of Trans-Atlantic trafficking and captivity on the agency, resilience and psychology of persons of African ancestry.

Enhancing The Psychological Well-Being of People of African Descent

Marcia Elizabeth Sutherland

University at Albany, United States of America

Among the issues to be highlighted include African indigenous/traditional religions, cognitive appraisal, neurological and physiological factors, ethnic/racial identity, loving-kindness, mindfulness, psychological dynamics (emotion-focused dynamics, self-confrontation, socio-cultural dynamics). This presentation highlights essential variables to enhance the well-being of people of African descent.

3:00pm - 4:00pmS-49: Papers: Health Management
Session Chair: Stefanie Belnavis, The Home for Little Wanderers, United States of America
Rio Bueno 

Chronic Diseases and Behavioral Health Disparities in St. Lucia

Brian McGregor, Gilberte Bastien, Kisha Holden

Morehouse School of Medicine, United States of America

Mental illnesses such as depression, anxiety, psychotic disorders and substance abuse are prevalent in St. Lucia and are often co-morbid with chronic conditions such as diabetes, obesity, and hypertension. Using a mixed-methods approach, we implemented a pilot study to examine perspectives around chronic disease treatment challenges in St. Lucia.

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Awareness in Caribbean Culture

Ana Colunga-Marin, Glena Andrews, Isolde Hughes

George Fox University, USA

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) are 100% avoidable. For those living with the negative effects of FASD, proper screening can lead to accurate diagnosis and treatment planning. Developing culturally appropriate screening tools is critical. The FAS BeST has the potential to provide helpful information to diagnosing and treatment of FASD.

Fertility Desire and Depressive Symptoms in a HIV Population

Audrey Marie Pottinger, Janice Ann Lucas, Kamali Carroll, Rouashay Higgins

The University of the West Indies, Mona, JAMAICA

HIV status does not dampen the desire to have children or pursue a pregnancy in persons living with HIV (PLHIV). In a cross sectional study of 245 PLHIV, more than half (62%) were desirous of having children and about a third (27%) self-reported depressive symptoms.

Psychological and Social Factors Associated with Diabetes Management for Adolescents

Jodi Marie Sutherland1, Sharlene Jarrett2

1North East Regional Health Authority, Jamaica; 2University of the West Indies, Mona

Adolescents living with type 1 diabetes must practice good self-care behaviours. This study explored the lived experiences of adolescents living with diabetes, their coping strategies used, and psychological and social factors associated with diabetes management. Future interventions may target diabetes self-care practices and coping strategies to promote better psychological wellbeing.

3:00pm - 4:00pmS-50: Papers: Immigration, Community
Session Chair: Cheryl Cadogan-McClean, The University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus, Barbados

The Epidemiological Potential of the ACE-IQ for Belize’s Vulnerable Immigrants

Ngozi Theresa Williams

Belize Ministry of Health, Belize

This paper is to provide a literature review of the epidemiological potential of the Adverse Childhood Experiences International Questionnaire (ACE-IQ) and its use for the first time in the Caribbean. In Belize, this survey’s greatest use is amongst the rising immigrant population fleeing neighboring countries due to instability and violence.

Representation Matters: Challenging Eurocentric Models of Leadership and Community Engagement

Helen Joseph

Expressive Arts Place LLC, United States of America

This paper addresses the subject of representation within the field of the Expressive Therapies, and will be presented through the context of an organization’s approach to challenging Eurocentric models of leadership and ethnocentric approaches to community engagement while utilizing the arts to address disparities in mental health and education systems.

Improving Quality of Life among Jamaican Women with Breast Cancer

Jonique Tyrell

Department of Sociology, Psychology and Social Work, UWI, Mona, Jamaica

The quality of lives of Jamaican breast cancer survivors must be improved to further develop the overall health and life expectancy of Jamaican women. Thematic analysis was conducted and results discussed. An integrated multi-level system can be used to address the needs of breast cancer patients.

3:00pm - 4:00pmS-51: Roundtable: Body Centered Psychotherapy

Body-Centered Psychotherapy: A practical, trauma-informed and skills-based approach

Chair(s): Francine Kelley (Chicago Bodymind Wellness Studio, LLC, United States of America)

Presenter(s): Francine Kelley (Chicago BodyMind Wellness Studio, LLC)

This experiential and didactic roundtable gives an overview of Yoga and Somatic Experiencing, two somatic (body-centered) approaches which provide practical and active ways to alleviate symptoms of anxiety, depression and trauma with less need for narrative. We will discuss how these methods may be applied in individual and group settings.

3:00pm - 4:00pmS-52: Roundtable: Disaster Mental Health

Caribbean Disaster Mental Health Response Post Hurricanes Irma and Maria

Chair(s): Carla Sharon Perkins (Island Therapy Solutions, Inc., USVI)

Presenter(s): Carla Sharon Perkins (Island Therapy Solutions, Inc., USVI)

Roundtable participants will discuss disaster mental health, and explore approaches used across the Caribbean, including a brief example of the community outreach response in St. Croix, US Virgin Islands during hurricane Maria recovery. The discussion will conclude with best practices in disaster mental health and community outreach.

3:00pm - 4:00pmS-53: Roundtable: Sustainability and Counseling

Sustainability and Counseling: MFTs in Partnership with Caribbean Communities

Chair(s): Amanda DiLorenzo (University of Central Florida, United States of America)

Presenter(s): Amanda DiLorenzo (University of Central Florida)

The foundational unit of communities are families. The family unit is essential for healthy reestablishment of communities post disaster. To support family redevelopment, marriage and family therapists are essential during this time. Furthermore, long-term partnerships can be established to further development post-disaster. A model will be presented and discussed.

3:00pm - 5:00pmS-54: CANPA General Assermbly Meeting
Session Chair: Omowale Amuleru-Marshall, CANPA, United States of America
Montego Bay 

CANPA General Assermbly Meeting

Omowale Amuleru-Marshall, Richard Adderley, Dominican Psych Association, Zuri Amuleru-Marshall, Jacqueline Maussan, Kai Morgan, Manon Sanches, Margaret Nakhid-Chatoor, Dara Hamilton, Ava Thompson, Rita Dudley-Grant, Ishtar Govia, Maja Heijmans-Goedschalk, Guillermo Bernal, Margarett Barnett, Victor Lina, Merry Bullock, Guerda Nicolas, Amanda Wreckenwith


CANPA General Assembly Meeting

4:00pm - 5:00pmS-56: Papers: Mental Health Care, Assessment, Trauma
Session Chair: Rosemarie Johnson, University of the West Indies, Mona Campus, Jamaica

Estimation of Premorbid Cognitive Functions in Spanish or English

Graham Pluck

Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Ecuador

The most common method of assessing premorbid neuropsychological ability, in either English or Spanish, is with word pronunciation tasks. However, such tasks require calibration to local cultures to make valid estimations. Using my work in a Spanish-speaking country I show how they can accurately and reliably estimate cognitive test scores.

Positive School-Based Interventions: A Meta-analysis

Moshe Zeidner

University of Haifa, Israel

This paper describes a meta-analytic study of the impact of positive-interventions in school-based contexts. The effect size was moderate and comparable to other reports presented in the literature for the impact of positive psychology interventions.

CA-CBT and Trauma Care For The Immigrant Community in Toronto

Natasha Samantha Browne

Browne Psychology Professional Corporation, Canada

The use of CACBT in the context of trauma informed care will be reviewed as a model of therapeutic intervention with the immigrant and refugee population in the Greater Toronto area.

Energy Healing For Acute, Chronic And Intergenerational Trauma

Veronica Anne Salter

Retired UWI Staff Member of Jamaican Psychlogical Association, Jamaica

Using some examples I explore how psychotherapeutic techniques such as hypnotherapy and breathwork working with the energy of the body and soul connection can be incorporated into healing clients suffering from present day trauma and shock and also heal at a deeper level soul shock due to intergenerational trauma.

4:00pm - 5:00pmS-57: Papers: Programs for Well-Being
Session Chair: Leann Marissa Kendall, University of Guyana, Guyana
Rio Bueno 

Gang, Insecurity and Well-Being: Implications for Achieving United Nations SDGs

Henry Jason Lewis

The University of Technology, Jamaica, Jamaica

Gangs are viewed as a hindrance to the well-being of nations. Improvement in national security and conditions of peace is a critical element in the realization of United Nations SDGs. This paper examines the incidence of gang violence and implications for achieving United Nations SDGs and the well-being of Jamaicans.

The Curaçao Longitudinal Study of Juvenile Resilience and Delinquency

Agnes de Lima-Heijns1, Joan van Horn2, Geert-Jan Stams3, Roeland Thomas4

1GGz-Curaçao/ University of Amsterdam (UvA), faculty of Juvenile Forensic Psychology and Youth Care Services, Curaçao; 2quot;de Waag", the Forensic Care Specialists, Netherlands; 3University of Amsterdam, Netherlands; 4Caribbean Medical University, Curaçao

Longitudinal study of developmental pathways towards resilience and delinquent behavior among Curaçaoan youth. The study - recently funded by NWO – is conducted among 8th grade students, using a four-wave panel design and evaluating factors contributing to the development of resilience and delinquent behavior. Research aims and operationalization are presented.

Mental health education and advocacy through media: The JaMHAN experience

Jhanille Brooks

Jamaica Mental Health Advocacy Network, Jamaica

The Jamaica Mental Health Advocacy Network (JaMHAN) addresses mental health education, advocacy, and services in Jamaica. We describe JaMHAN’s media campaigns, highlighting our successes and lessons learned as we work with partners to sensitize the Jamaican public about mental health, and tackle the stigma and discrimination around mental illness.

Promoting Psychological Health and Well-being among Jamaican Children

Jonique S. Tyrell, Marlon Andrew Simpson

University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica

The quality of lives of Jamaican children must be improved to further develop the children and Jamaica as a nation. This needs to occur on multiple levels of Bronfenbrenner’s ecological level of analysis. Ways in which this social change can occur are discussed.

4:00pm - 5:00pmS-58: Roundtable: Helping Professions

Work, Balance, Stress, and Success in the Helping Professions

Chair(s): Ann Shillingford (University of Central Florida, United States of America)

Presenter(s): Ann Shillingford (University of Central Florida), Nivischi Edwards (Liberty University), Evadne Ngazimbi (Central Connecticut University)

How important is maintaining balance in today’s societies? Work demands, social, economic, and often health disparities, natural and man-made disasters, all serve as contributors to emotional and physical distress. As helpers how important is it for you to maintain balance while juggling your life roles?

4:00pm - 5:00pmS-59: Roundtable: Social Justice

#Metoo, #SilenceIsNotSpiritual : Social Justice Movements and Faith Communities

Chair(s): Marilyn Braithwaite-Hall (University of the Virgin Islands, Virgin Islands, U.S.)

Presenter(s): Marilyn Braithwaite-Hall (University of the Virgin Islands)

This roundtable will explore ways that we can faciliate the expansion of #Metoo and #SilenceIsNotSpiritual movements into faith communities that historically have been inhospitable, ignorant, and complicit on this subject. Faith communities that have created innovative approaches to heal trauma and support survivors will be discusssed.

4:00pm - 5:00pmS-60: Roundtable: Teen Mom Support

"PAR with Us": A Support Group for Jamaican Teen Moms

Chair(s): Tracy A. McFarlane (The University of the West Indies, Mona)

Presenter(s): Monique Thomas (The University of the West Indies, Mona), Amanda Blair (The University of the West Indies, Mona), Shanille Brissett (The University of the West Indies, Mona), Shanice Gardner (The University of the West Indies, Mona), Devasya Jarrett (The University of the West Indies, Mona), Kadian Facey (The Mico University College)

After four years of facilitating a support group for Jamaican teenage mothers, graduate students in Applied Psycholgy designed a handbook for future groups. Facilitators of this roundtable discussion will share their process and outcomes; attendees are invited to discuss the need for and challenges of replicating this psychosocial intervention elsewhere.

4:00pm - 5:00pmS-61: Symposium: Expressive Therapies

Expressive Therapies Interventions in Haiti, Jamaica, and the United States

Chair(s): Djavila Ho (Caribbean Maritime University)

Discussant(s): Djavila Ho (Caribbean Maritime University)

This symposium intends to develop attendees understanding of art therapy, dance movement therapy, and expressive art therapy with a focus on the application of the expressive therapies in developmentally and culturally appropriate ways within the presenters’ mental health work across the lifespan in Haiti, Jamaica, and the United States.


Presentations of the Symposium


Expressive Arts in Community & School Settings

Helen Joseph
Expressive Arts Place LLC

This presentation will overview theoretical foundations of an expressive arts therapy framework, address methods of application in community and school settings, and outline benefits of an integrated approach within the context of outpatient and school based clinical work and community based programs in Haiti and United States.


Dance Movement Therapy with the Caribbean Diaspora

Stefanie Belnavis
The Diahann Project; The Home For Little Wanderers Preschool Outreach Program

During this symposium, Belnavis will highlight the clinical strengths, therapeutic disparities and cultural challenges affiliated with implementing trauma-focused dance movement therapy methodologies within early childhood mental health and multicultural communities.


The Impact of Art Therapy in Applied Settings

Lesli-Ann Belnavis
Mustard Seed Communities; Caribbean Tots to Teens Agency

The symposium will highlight the impact of art therapy techniques that were applied with the aforementioned populations. It will also showcase sensory awareness based art therapy techniques adapted by Belnavis within the cultural context of the Jamaican mental health system.

7:00pm - 11:00pmCultural Night - 7:00-11:00 pm

Join Colleagues for an evening of music, dance and cultural celebration

Date: Friday, 16/Nov/2018
8:15am - 9:45amS-62: Plenary: Caribbean Psychology in Applied Settings
Session Chair: Leahcim Tufani Semaj, Above or Beyond, Jamaica
Montego Bay 

Exposure to Violence and Mental Health: A Gender Perspective

Marizaida Sanchez Cesareo

Carlos Albizu University, United States of America

This presentation will highlight exposure to community violence among school age youth in Puerto Rico and its effects in trauma, anxiety and depression symptomatology for females and males. Additionally, it will present CONVOCA, a multilevel intervention that braids 4 evidence-based practices to address symptoms and promote well-being.

Models For Paraprofessional Intervention With Children And Adolescents

Karen Moore

Dr. Karen Moore, Trinidad and Tobago

Two intervention programmes with high-risk children and adolescents are described: a mentorship programme for boys in East Port of Spain, Trinidad, and a one-week holiday camp for children and teenagers held in Pointe Michel, Dominica in July 2018. The impact and usefulness of these two models will be explored.

9:45am - 10:45amS-35: Roundtable: Competencies/Education

Applicability of Professional Psychology Competencies to Caribbean Trainees

Chair(s): Laura Marks (University of Memphis, United States of America), Ashley Hutchison (The University of North Dakota)

Presenter(s): Ashley Hutchison (The University of North Dakota), Laura Marks (University of Memphis), Antonia Forbes (The University of North Dakota)

In this roundtable, we will facilitate a discussion on the ways in which U.S. developed training competencies do and do not apply to Caribbean born trainees. We will focus on trainees in the Caribbean and Caribbean trainees in the US who return home after completing their clinical and research training.

9:45am - 10:45amS-63: Invited Panel: Grills, Campbell, Puente
Session Chair: Margarett Barnett, Jamaica Theological Seminary, Jamaica

Making the Invisible Visible: The Development of the Culture Cube

Cheryl Grills

Loyola Marymount University

The culture cube strategy 1) reveals the culturally-grounded theoretical framework in culturally defined mental health strategies, linking cultural beliefs, community needs, and intervention, 2) guides evaluations to be community-defined and culturally-centered, 3) invites communities to use their indigenous epistemological frameworks to establish evidence. Implications for Caribbean Psychology will be explored.

Expanding Caribbean Psychology Beyond Pathology

Kai A. D. Morgan Campbell

Jamaican Psychological Society, Jamaica

This presentation focuses on how Caribbean psychologists can diversify services within critical areas in psychology such as: training, education, practice, consultation and research. The historical importance of this diversification, the necessary internal and external mental shifts and collaboration with other mental health professionals from a regional perspective will be discussed.

Advocating for Psychology: New Paradigms

Antonio Enrique Puente

American Psychological Association, United States of America

Psychology is a science and a profession which requires advocacy as central its success. This presentation will address a new advocacy model that the American Psychological Association is developing. The following will be considered: development and explanation of the model, financial sustainability, and priority setting.

9:45am - 10:45amS-64: Papers: Psychologists in work, school, community
Session Chair: Venese Madden, Northern Caribbean University, Jamaica
Rio Bueno 

Overweight and Obesity among African American Children and Adolescents

Marcia Elizabeth Sutherland

University at Albany, United States of America

This paper examines the biological, psychosocial, family, cultural and structural factors that account for the high prevalence of overweight and obesity in African American children and youth. The paper will examine the health and psychological consequences of obesity and overweight. Targetted prevention and intervention strategies will be presented.

Using Mindfulness Techniques to Promote Culturally Affluent Engagement

Wendy Greenidge1, Dilani Perera-Diltz2

1Lamar University, USA/St. Lucia; 2University of Houston - Clear Lake, USA

There is sometimes a disconnect between multicultural counselling knowledge and practice. This session will highlight the use of mindfulness techniques to assist with increasing culturally affluent engagement. Participants will engage in reflective practices that promote cultural humility, increased self-awareness and a more accurate evaluation of strengths and limitations.

Psychology of Limitless Learning: Facilitating Reflective Practice in Tertiary Educators

Mia Amour Jules, Donna-Maria Maynard

The University of the West Indies, Barbados

Limitless learning occurs via reflective processes, which is supported by the pre-service emerging reflective teacher training model. Using mixed methodology, the effect of an advanced technology-based course on the development of reflective pedagogical practices in Caribbean lecturers was evaluated. The mechanisms of the PERTT model are supported by the findings.

Prison Mentality: The Psychological Impact of Incarceration on Guyanese Men

Wil A Campbell

University of Guyana, Guyana

Prison life in Guyana is ordinarily very difficult. However, there is a dearth of research on possible psychological effects of the prison environment on incarcerated men in Guyana and indeed the wider Caribbean. This paper breaks some ground in this regard and proffers recommendations for practical applications and future research.

9:45am - 10:45amS-66: Roundtable: Art Therapy/Disabilities

Art Therapy Interventions with Persons with Disabilities

Chair(s): LesliAnn Belnavis (needs to be added)

Presenter(s): LesliAnn Belnavis (needs to be added)


9:45am - 10:45amS-67: Roundtable: Cross-Cultural Research

Cross-cultural Research: Challenges and Possibilities

Chair(s): Stephanie Genevieve RiCharde (Virginia Military Institute, United States of America)

Presenter(s): Holly Skillman-Dougherty (Marian University), Kimberly Lannette Wilson (Leadership and Resilience Consultants)

Cross-cultural and international research provides richer understandings of diverse psychological experiences than Euro-American psychologies. Though such research seems straightforward in this technological and global age, there are many barriers to research across cultures and national borders. Three international psychologists will discuss the realities of research on cross-cultural and international scales.

9:45am - 10:45amS-68: Symposium: Building a Masters Program

Vision to Reality:Building the Master’s in Clinical-Community Psychology at SGU

Chair(s): Barbara Landon (St. George's University)

In May, 2018, St. George’s University in Grenada graduated its first cohort of twelve psychologists who completed a Master in Clinical-Community Psychology. This symposium will feature discussants who developed and taught in the program. The program is specifically aimed at teaching mental health intervention and prevention skills in Caribbean psychology.


Presentations of the Symposium


Health Psychology: An Important Part of the Curriculum

Arlette Wildman
St. George's University

A 3-credit course in the curriculum titled: Health Psychology: Applications in Health Care and Public Health explored the theories’ applicability in a real world context. This paper will discuss the importance of including health psychology in the curriculum as a tool to help integrate psychologists into Caribbean health care.


Advanced Human Development: Deconstruction using a Caribbean Cultural Lens

Zuri Amuleru-Marshall
St. George's University

This course provides an overview of the conditions, processes and factors that shape human development across the lifespan, covering the major theoretical perspectives, as well as emerging ideas and knowledge. Essential to the course is a critical review of these mainstream ideas and psychological frameworks, using a Caribbean cultural lens.


Providing Supervision: A Lesson in Flexibility and Innovation

Alisa Alvis
St. George's University

The varied challenges of providing appropriate and sensitive supervision while building relationships with off-site partners in an inaugural clinical psychology programme in a small-island state, present both frustrations, and opportunities for creativity. The impacts on the supervisory relationship will be discussed as well as considerations for future cohorts


Supporting Students and Faculty in the MCCP Program

Ariel Wildman
St. George's University

During the first run-through of this program, there were administrative approaches that worked well, while others did not. This paper will discuss the experiences of supporting the faculty and first cohort of students, and the changes that will be made for the next cohort.

9:45am - 10:45amS-69: Symposium: Survivors of Sexual Assault

Empowering Survivors of Sexual Assault in Haiti

Chair(s): Gilberte Bastien (Morehouse School of Medicine)

Discussant(s): Elizabeth Farrah Louis (The University of Georgia)

Presenters will focus on the conceptualization of incest within a therapeutic framework and the experiences of sex workers in Haiti while sharing their narratives, obstacles, and professional reflections. This presentation will focus on creative and context specific approaches that mental health providers develop to help their clients heal feel empowered.


Presentations of the Symposium


Sex Workers’ Strategies of Survival in Port-au-Prince, Haiti

Cassandre Denis
Centre de Promotion des Femmes Ouvrières

Based on narratives acquired through testimonies and interviews with sex workers in Haiti between the ages of fifteen and sixty, the results will illustrate strategies that sex workers engage in to survive. Reflections will highlight initiatives that Haitian mental health professionals endorse to support these girls and women.


Survivors of incest in Haiti: Between suffering and resilience

Vinson B. Noel
Centre de Recherche en Intervention Communautaire (CRISC)

Incest is a taboo subject in Haitian society. This presentation reflects on the experiences of girls who are victims of incest and the mechanisms put in place by these girls to overcome and take strides to thrive in their lives.


The therapeutic Stakes of Victims of incest

Evena Ally
Centre de Siritualité et de Santé mentale (CESSA),

This presentation will provide strategies for mental health professionals working on these issues with Haitian populations in Haiti and the diaspora within a therapeutic framework encompassing deconstruction of victim guilt, dispelling victims’ sense of responsibility and addressing barriers to treatment and achieving therapeutic goals.

10:45am - 11:00amMorning Break
Prefunction Area 
10:45am - 12:00pmS-70: Poster Session
Prefunction Area 

Increasing access to depression treatment for HIV+ patients in Haiti

Mikerlyne Faustin1, Krystel Loubeau2, Michele Jean-Gilles2, Rhonda Rosenberg2, Marie-Marcelle Deschamps1, Serena Koenig3, Jessy Devieux2, Jean William Pape1

1Les Centres GHESKIO, Port-au-Prince, Haiti; 2Florida International University, Miami, Florida, USA; 3Brigham Women Hospital, Boston, MA, USA

Depression is associated with poor adherence to antiretroviral treatment among people living with HIV. Depressed patients in resource-limited settings go untreated because few psychiatrists are available. The implementation of measurement-based care for antidepressant treatment by auxiliary HIV clinic staff was successful in treating depression in a pilot study.

A Multidisciplinary Approach to Inclusive Education in Barbados- Case Study

DeAnn Alicia Sabrina Beckles-Lewis

Ministry of Health, Barbados, Barbados

This study examined the case of a 6-year-old boy diagnosed with Autistic Spectrum Disorder, attending a mainstream primary school in Barbados. It illustrated the interventions made by a multidisciplinary team. It was found that although a multidisciplinary approach is most beneficial, it has several challenges to its present success.

Public Perceptions of Skin Bleaching and Skin Bleachers in Jamaica

Claudia Barned

University of Guelph, Canada

Skin bleaching practices have received much global attention within the last two decades. This study explores the perspectives of 41 Jamaican women on the popular practice. My analysis revealed several perceived reasons why people engage in bleaching practices in Jamaica.

Validation of the Child and Youth Resilience Measure on Curaçao

Agnes de Lima-Heijns1, Joan van Horn2, Geert-Jan Stams3, Roeland Thomas4

1GGz-Curaçao/ University of Amsterdam (UvA), faculty of Juvenile Forensic Psychology and Youth Care Services, Curaçao; 2quot;de Waag", the Forensic Care Specialists, Netherlands; 3University of Amsterdam (UVA), Netherlands; 4Caribbean Medical University, Curaçao

Although Curaçaoan youth show high involvement in delinquency, not all youth are involved. The role of resilience from developing delinquent behaviors is widely recognized. To facilitate assessment of resiliency among Curaçaoan youth, the Child and Youth Resilience Measure-28 was validated. Results are discussed.

Gender Differences in Performance on the Stroop Test

Kirkland McIntosh, Chavar Davis, Valarie Wilson, Natasha Ruffin-Dean

University of The Bahamas, Bahamas, The

This study further examined the well-known process of the Stroop Effect and experiment by John Ridley Stroop (1935) through an advanced Stroop experiment. Fifty (50) participants completed two testing conditions testing latencies. The study looked at the performance of female and male participants at The University of The Bahamas.

Influence of socioeconomic status on neuropsychological development in Ecuadorian adolescents

Christine Bock1, Alejandra Martínez2, Marco Córdova2, Graham Pluck2

1Universität Osnabrück, Germany; 2Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Ecuador

As socioeconomic status (SES) is known to affect the neuropsychological development, Ecuadorian adolescents from a wide range of backgrounds were assessed for executive function, theory of mind ability and verbal skills. The results suggest a range of SES effects on neuropsychological development, but particularly language development.

From Dar Es Salam To The Delta: Adolescent Developmental Assets

Laura Johnson1, Christopher Drescher1,2, Umieca Hankton1,3, Ray Kihilo4, Sukhmani Pal1, Chris Courson1, Peter Scales5

1University of Mississippi, United States of America; 2Augusta University; 3Tulane University; 4Mbeya University; 5Search Institute

This cross-cultural study compares positive youth development (PYD) constructs among youth in two diverse settings, Tanzania, Africa and the Mississippi Delta. Adolescents (aged 13-18) in Mississippi (378) and Tanzania (1200) completed English or Swahili measures of the Developmental Assets Profile and described qualities of “a successful, role model youth.”

The Relationship between Employee-Wellbeing and Performance: Do Organizational Characteristics Matter?

Candice Shontele Miller, Tracy McFarlane

The University of the West Indies, Jamaica

There are existing gaps on employee wellbeing in relation to Jamaican organizations. This topic has been known to impact critical outcomes such as organizational performance. Organizational characteristics may be deemed a significant factor in this relationship. In this study we examined how the relationship between the components of these three variables occured.

Intersection of Gender Role Conflict and Double-Consciousness Among African-Caribbean Men

Sheena Myong Walker

University of the Virgin Islands, USVI

The study addresses the psychological impact that occurs among African-Caribbean men as a result of the engagement in double-consciousness and gender role conflict. It serves to add to the existing literature on Black masculinity, and to provide empirical evidence of the hypothesized mental conflict that exists among African-Caribbean men.

Bahamas Parents Perceptions of Child Rights

Richard Bernard Adderley, Marlon Miller, Brea Ferguson, Tyrra Wilson, Ava Thompson

University of The Bahamas, Bahamas, The

This study assessed parents’ knowledge and views on children’s rights in The Bahamas. The findings emphasize the implications for promoting children’s rights through additional research on the topic, particularly given the importance of children’s rights in achieving the Sustainable Developmental Goals.

High School Students Perception about Diabetes in The Bahamas

Jamal Trent Bingham, Richard Bernard Adderley

University of the Bahamas, Bahamas, The

The goal of this research is to assess the knowledge that high school students have of diabetes. Due to its' rates of prevalence within The Bahamas, preventative measures must be considered. Through focus-group discussions, we sought to further the understanding of risk factors that contribute to the development of diabetes.

11:00am - 12:00pmS-36: Roundtable: Work/Disabilities

Transition to Work for Students with Intellectual Disabilities

Chair(s): Chrisann Schiro-Geist (The University of Memphis, United States of America)

Presenter(s): Chrisann Schiro-Geist (The University of Memphis)

Young adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) have traditionally struggled with the realities of transitioning to adulthood. The purpose of this presentation is to present a model for IPSE that provides effective and sustainable transition services and vocational training for young adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities

11:00am - 12:00pmS-71: CADIPsych Meeting
Session Chair: Gilberte Bastien, Morehouse School of Medicine, United States of America

CADIPsych Meeting

Gilberte Bastien


CANPA Diaspora and Individual Psychologists is a CANPA membership category that promotes culturally sensitive psychological science and practice in the Caribbean. Eligibility includes connection to the Caribbean by migration, descent, residence in Caribbean countries with no CANPA Member Association, in the Caribbean Diaspora or work with Caribbean clientele.

11:00am - 12:00pmS-72: Invited Panel: Cooke, Moreman, Janac
Session Chair: Katija Khan, University of the West Indies, Trinidad and Tobago

LA No Longer Confidential:Culture and Arts Professional Development

Deanna Y. Cooke

Loyola Marymount University, United States of America

This presentation will discuss the “Arts Camp for Teachers”, a University/School collaboration to increase the confidence and abilities of elementary school teachers to address the cultural needs of African American and Latino students in Los Angeles, CA. The presentation will incorporate examples and outcomes of this transferable model.

Planning and Facilitating Intergroup Dialogue with International and Multilingual Groups

Maxie Moreman, Natacha Janac

University of Miami, United States of America

This paper will describe an international and multilingual intergroup dialogue that took place during the student workshop at the 2016 Caribbean Regional Conference of Psychology (CRCP) in Port Au Prince, Haiti. This is described within the context of Zuniga and Nagda's (2001) stages of intergroup dialogue and includes lessons learned.

11:00am - 12:00pmS-73: Invited Panel: Rodriquez-Selja, St. Charles, Clermont
Session Chair: Marilyn Braithwaite-Hall, University of the Virgin Islands, Virgin Islands, U.S.
Rio Bueno 

Clinical Considerations in Treating Sexual Minority Individuals’ Psychosexual Health.

Craig Anthony Rodriguez-Seijas1,2

1Stony Brook University, United States of America; 2Alpert Medical School, Brown University

This talk describes the ways in which sociocultural stressors undermine sexual minority psychosocial health, with specific reference to the sociocultural context of the Caribbean. Brief description of the major principles underlying one transdiagnostic intervention aimed at treating sexual minority men's co-occurring mood, anxiety, behavioral, and sexual health dysfunction is provided.

Programs/Policies to Address STI in Young Men in Guyana

Otilia St.Charles1, Lois Mccloskey1, Lisa Messersmith1, Dereck Springer2, Shanti Singh2

1Boston University School of Public Health; 2PANCAP/ CARICOM

A socio-ecological model facilitated identification of determinants of high risk sexual behaviors and SRH rights needs for young men aged 15-18. The government of Guyana received the resulting program and policy recommendations. This presentation focuses on salient themes, including mental health, emerging from data and implications for the SDG agenda.

La parentalité au sein de jeunes familles Caribéennes – Haïti



La famille contemporaine évolue, prend des formes variées et diverses. La famille caribéenne nombreuse, élargie, nucléaire s’adapte, est confrontée à de nouveaux enjeux et défis qui viennent influencer le style de parentalité en considérant le rôle des nounous. Il s’agira de faire ressortir ces éléments dans le cadre de cette présentation.

11:00am - 12:00pmS-75: Papers: Mental Health Topics
Session Chair: Karen Moore, Dr. Karen Moore, Trinidad and Tobago

Health Disparities in the Caribbean: The Role of Psychologists

Laura Marks1, Ayse Ciftci2

1University of Memphis; 2Purdue University

Health disparities are rampant in the Caribbean and psychologists have a role to play in ameliorating these disparities. In this presentation, we will present information on the current health disparities that exist in the Caribbean and discuss implications for psychologists living in the Caribbeean.

Mental Health And Disaster Risk Reduction In The Caribbean

Sonali Gupta

Consultant, Global Mental Health

This presentation integrates best practices and global guidelines in mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) and disaster risk reduction (DRR) to develop a framework specific to the Caribbean context that provides guidance on appropriate MHPSS approaches at the preparedness, response and recovery phases of a disaster.

Differentiating Between Normal and Pathological Aging in Grenada

Arlette M Wildman, Karen Blackmon

St. George's University, Grenada

Summary of Abstract:

This paper presents quantitative data from 90 elderly residents in Grenada nursing homes. It is the first study of its kind in Grenada with an aim to provide a specific screening tool for discriminating normal from pathological aging, using the 10/66 Short Dementia Diagnostic Schedule.

Promoting Cross-Cultural Research on the Caribbean

S. Virginia Gonsalves-Domond

Ramapo College of New Jersey, USA

Cross-cultural research on the Caribbean must be conducted using multidisciplinary lens and strength-based paradigms incorporating qualitatively-rich ethnographic approaches.

11:00am - 12:00pmS-76: Roundtable: Disclosure of HIV Status
Port Antonio 

Facilitated Disclosure Of HIV Status To Positive Adolescents

Chair(s): Nathalie Coicou (Caris Foundation International, Haiti)

Presenter(s): Emmanuelle Pascale Auguste (Caris Foundation International), Nathalie Coicou (Caris Foundation International)

In January 2017, Caris developed a psychosocial program to accompany parents towards total disclosure of HIV-status to their adolescents and help these adapt to their situation. As immediate benefits, 81% of parents proceeded to total disclosure to their adolescents; 87% of adolescents said their adherence to ART was strengthened.

11:00am - 12:00pmS-77: Roundtable: International Psychology

Redefining Caribbean Mental Health and Well-being through International Psychology

Chair(s): Lucy Turek Damato (The Chicago School of Professional Psychology (Current Student), United States of America), Amber Martinez (The Chicago School of Professional Psychology (Current Student), United States of America)

Presenter(s): Lucy Turek Damato (The Chicago School of Professional Psychology (Current Student), United States of America), Amber Martinez (The Chicago School of Professional Psychology (Current Student), United States of America)

International Psychology aims to design psychological interventions and redress mental health problems for populations based on understanding cultural context first. This roundtable aims to discuss and integrate applicable mental health and well-being concepts for the people of the Caribbean, as opposed to applying or redefining principles based on Western-based psychologies.

11:00am - 12:00pmS-78: Roundtable: Trauma & Homelessness
12:00pm - 1:30pmLunch
Talk of the Town 
1:30pm - 2:45pmS-79: Plenary: Challenges in Psychology
Session Chair: Peter Douglas Weller, University of the West Indies, Jamaica
Montego Bay 

Listening to the Voiceless, towards an Inclusive Psychology

Polli Hagenaars

EFPA Board Human Rights and Psychology, Netherlands, The

The following questions will be addressed:

- To what extent has psychology incorporated the values and principles of human rights?

- Has psychology overcome the traces and influences of colonialism, slavery, unequal global economic relations and social-Darwinism?

A human rights psychology listens to voices who never get a chance to speak.

Psychology and Health Promotion: An Interface for Caribbean Realities

Dennis Edwards

The University of the West Indies, Mona Campus, Jamaica

This presentation will seek to situate the discipline of psychology, and the practitioner scientist psychologist, in treating with the issue of health in a still emerging Caribbean as a global sub-region. The presentation will not be constrained or burdened by elsewhere pre-existing and available data, but, more so, interpretively reflect informed sentiments.

2:45pm - 3:00pmAfternoon Break
Prefunction Area 
3:00pm - 4:30pmS-80: Closing Session
Session Chair: Guillermo Bernal, CANPA - Caribbean Alliance of National Psychological Associations, Puerto Rico (U.S.)

Celebrating Caribbean Psychology – Preparing for 2020!


  • Reflections
    • CANPA President
    • CANPA President Elect
    • Co-Chairs and President of Jampsych
  • Thanks and Appreciation
  • Celebration and Flag Exchange CRCP2018 to CRCP2020
  • Remarks from CRCP2020 hosts
Montego Bay 

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