G: Paper Session_O3: Community Participation and Decision-Making Practices
Expanding Youth Opportunity Studio: Design Research Engaging Community Participants
University of Minnesota, United States of America
ABSTRACT: A successful research-based design studio that includes community engagement is dependent upon pedagogy that serves both student and community participants. This case evolved from 2019 to 2020 based on lessons learned by the research team of students, faculty, community members and contributing critics. The 2019 Preventing Youth Incarceration studio addressed the needs of at-risk youth, including those in detention. The research-based studio explored adolescent development, mental illness, addiction, and trauma, addressing the county request for a spectrum of treatment facilities that are not institutional and meet the new concern for trauma-informed care (Olafson et al, 2014). Work with community members began in fall 2019, when the studio focused on North Minneapolis, a neighborhood of origin for many adjudicated young people, and affiliated with UROC, the university research center. A community consultant selected nine community members to work on the project, who received a stipend to cover their time and expenses. They served on reviews alongside design and incarceration professionals. In fall 2020, the studio continued, but due to COVID-19, held meetings online, rather than at the research center. The paper addresses the challenges of developing a design pedagoyt that supports student learning while engaging community participants. It focuses on selection of participants, scheduling reviews, maintaining participation throughout the semester, and the challenges of working with community participants in in person versus online.
Queering Arts-Based Development
1Other Work, Michigan; 2Lawrence Technological University, Southfield, MI
Emergent modes of arts-based development and occupation of public spaces in rustbelt cities are creating communities of creative capital, collective care, and social justice activism. Arts-based development and queer theory both contest social norms and explore the power struggles against heteronormative constructions of identity. “Queerscapes” deploy queer theory to reimagine human and non-human performances and interactions with space and one another. Queer theory and arts-based approaches to spatial occupation redistribute power and ownership to ultimately disrupt and transform social conventions.
Arts-based development is communalized through shared tactical and cooperative appropriation and stewardship of undervalued land by marginalized communities. As such, queer theory offers a conceptual framework to understand the nuance and complexity of alternative reclamation of sites defined by urban austerity. This paper highlights the creative strategies that arts-based communities use to reimagine normative conceptions of urbanism. We introduce a framework to understand queering and queerscapes in land-use development and examine the ways in which abandoned or privately owned sites have been queered for dwelling, learning, and performances by different communities aligned by shared values.
Creative collectives have cooperated to form interdependent, decentralized networks, allowing new types of architectural and urban forms to emerge as responsive environments. This study engaged specific organizations over a two-year period, and it evaluates how they employ queer theory to reframe normative spatial conditions and rituals. This research demonstrates how spatial aspects of queerscapes are a mechanism for the agency and liberation for oppressed identities. The intention is to serve as a guide for empowering marginalized communities through social and creative infrastructure.
The New Stewards: How Non-Architects Shape Public Understanding and Decision-Making of the Built Environment
University of Michigan, United States of America
With the rise of the internet, social media, and streaming content, the amount of information regarding architectural thinking and making is more commonplace and accessible than ever before. As resources dwindle and populations grow, pressures of overcrowding and climate change demand that as a society, we make more-informed, well-considered decisions about our shared, built environment. This paper describes the difficulty of meeting that demand, positing that architects’ and architecture’s capacity to steward better outcomes is limited because non-architects have more power to shape society’s concerns and priorities for the built environment than do architects. This paper charts how the protagonists of traditional and new media have become the genuine shapers of public opinion, thereby shifting oversight and responsibility of the built environment from architects to non-architects.