ASU, United States of America
How can spatial performances of the urban sprawl be augmented? In turning absent, a city becomes receptive to any change of meaning -- an "Espace Propre" as the effect of what it is imagined, an event. If, on the one hand, the increased reliance on cars' transportation turns the city's built form invisible, on the other hand, the ritual of driving enacts cultural performances of its environment as generative dérives reinterpreting that sense of absence.
A multiple-case design research paper examines contemporary research on building performance in the Phoenician urban system, intertwining media, and architecture to break disciplinary boundaries and challenge conventional representation modes. The purpose is to test how to grasp what is "perceived but not apperceived" (Leibnitz) in architectural education. It uses a methodological approach that involves an in-depth exploration of a city's perceptions using videos as data collection. The procedure is sequential. Two instrumental bounded case studies follow each other: the outcome of looking at a part of a historical movie informs the selection of the second case study — a design studio. The first case study — the prelude to more extensive research — is the content of the first fourteen minutes of Psycho (1960) as Hitchcock's Phoenix image. An exploratory case study was conducted in 2015 before a research question was identified, done following film analysis in terms of mise en scene to investigate a place. The second one is the analysis of a six-year studio's design phases. It involves extensive data collection, including a combination of film analysis and students' observation of situations using movie clips, the method used to look critically at the environment. The research purpose is to develop a more in-depth understanding of how movies shape how cities are seen by observing ways the interaction between students and films infers design narrative. Considering the issue across the studio's processes and outcomes not only extends across the intuition the Hitchcock movie but provides a test of a theory. It informs how architectural students can actively perceive a continually changing environment and capture moving images of the city to inform preliminary projects using transmediation introducing programs as situations.
Cities or Urbanization? Urbanism as Object | City as Process: Pedagogical Permutations + Provocations of the In-Between
School of Architecture, Planning + Landscape - University of Calgary, Canada
The “city”—as a construct—has loomed large in our lexicon, both within design fields and in public discourse. Urbanization, as a phenomenon intensified over recent centuries, has seen cities amplify and the hinterland shrink. The research, pedagogical in focus, is situated at the nexus of the debate: Is the city a discrete object or has its boundaries been eroded by far reaching and broad scale urbanization? A senior graduate level required course within an accredited Master of Architecture program, ARCH 675: Urban Systems focused on the contemporary city with an eye to fostering discourse/debate on the legitimacy of the circumscribed city in a traditional sense versus possibilities of unbounded urbanization as an emergent phenomenon. Urban Systems recasts questions of the city in light of shifting landscapes and dramatic forces: on one hand long-standing developments such as global migration and the movement of capital, while on the other more recent emergencies including climate change, economic downturns and health crises. Overarching explorations of the city and urbanization was an acceptance of complexity and development of students’ world & self views via three inter-connected assignments: journal, urban manifesto & videographic essay. The paper concludes with critical observations on the learning model and suggestions for addressing urbanism in the curriculum. Architecture students across the planet are immersed in a milieu of upheaval and uncertainty, compelled to rethink their world in light of a deadly pandemic, social unrest, climate change, propaganda wars and widespread turbulence -- while concurrently called upon to take a stance.
Development and Construction of The Field of Dreams EcoCommunity
University of Utah, United States of America
Field of Dreams EcoCommunity (FOD) is a collaborative effort between the author as researcher and architect and the client, a non-profit organization offering services related to affordable housing constrcution. In this function as a homebuilder, the client also acts as its own general contractor, which set the stage for the development of FOD.
FOD is the re-imagination of the affordable housing typology in the Southwestern States of the US and consists of twenty, 1,500 square feet units in ten twin-home buildings, newly constructed on an abandoned baseball field in Kearns, Utah. As one of the development guidelines, underlying principles of how we live and the types of spaces we need to accommodate these desires were re-examined, challenging the contemporary notion that quantity of space supersedes spatial quality and design clarity, with the goal to provide high quality housing within an optimized, moderate footprint sensitive to both inhabitants and local environment. To achieve these goals, FOD is the synthesis of both modern technology and vernacular principles, utilizing what is immediately available onsite as its primary energy source in form of passive winter solar heat gain; it supplements only what cannot be generated onsite to meet modern standards of comfort through technological means. Traditional ideas of orientation, passive energy design, thermal massing and daylighting are key elementsin the outward expression of the buildings. This strategy creates energy-efficient houses with a high resilience factor, thus making the survival in extreme climate conditions possible without external energy sources and without increased capital investment.
Native Plant Roofs for Biodiversity
Kent State University, United States of America
Designers and botanists across the world are making vegetated roofs more ecologically productive and biologically diverse. One way to increase biodiversity is through selecting and planting local and regional native plant species. Although many native plants have been shown to establish on green roofs, it is important to know what native plant communities can succeed within different types of green roofs. To answer this question, this study focuses on the native plant establishment across three roof types: a conventional semi-extensive green roof, traditional meadow roof, and blue-green roof with reservoir. Presented here is the plant survival data four years post establishment. We comment on the influence of substrate, weed colonization and flowering for pollinators. This information is helpful to architects and researchers alike, who both hope to better understand how to design for greater ecological productivity and biodiversity.
Post-revolutionary discourse reflected through architecture in Hermosillo, Sonora (1920-1950.)
1University of Sonora, Mexico; 2University of Sonora, Mexico
The governments emanating from the Mexican Revolution sought to represent the social ideals and achievements obtained through this conflict via their architectural and aesthetic speech developed in the decades after the end of this armed struggle in the city of Hermosillo, Sonora.
the hypothesis mentioned above is the starting point of this research.
To validate this conjecture, the following objectives were established: to know the way in which revolutionary ideas were represented in the institutional architecture in Mexico; understand how the ideals of the Mexican Revolution influenced the architectural development of the government in the decades after the struggle in Hermosillo, Sonora; explore which were the main architectural representations made by the state administrations of that time in the state capital.
The methodology used is qualitative, inductive and with a narrative design supported by official documents, catalog, photograph, field research and interviews with experts on historical, social and architectural affairs of the city at that time.
Currently this research is in the process of development, however, it is possible to identify some partial but inconclusive results. What we can anticipate is that in the city of Hermosillo, the examples of institutional architecture of the post-revolutionary period had a late manifestation. A possibility to support this claim revolves around the attempts to imitate the architectural trends used in Mexico City and its surrounding area.
Therefore, examples of institutional buildings can be found, in Hermosillo, of great similarity to representative buildings of the aesthetic speech manifested by the post-revolutionary governments.